Sandalja 1, bei Pula (Pleistocene of Croatia)

Where: Istria, Croatia (44.9° N, 13.8° E: paleocoordinates 44.8° N, 13.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Early Pleistocene.

Environment/lithology:

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: M. Malez. 1986. Die quataren Vertebraten-Faunen in der SFR Jugoslawien. Quatarpalaontologie 6:101-117 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 40500: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 24.06.2004, edited by Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Pelobates sp.1 Wagler 1830 spadefoot toad
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana dalmatina1 Bonaparte 1839 frog
Rana temporaria1 Linnaeus 1758 common frog
 Salientia - Hylidae
Hyla sp.1 Laurenti 1768 tree frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo bufo1 toad
Bufo viridis1 Laurenti 1768 European green toad
 Salientia - Discoglossidae
Discoglossus sp.1 Otth 1837 painted frog
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudo graeca1 Linnaeus 1758 common tortoise
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emys orbicularis1 Linnaeus 1758 European pond turtle
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Francolinus sp. Stephens 1819 francolin
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Columba sp. Linnaeus 1758 dove
 Passeriformes - Turdidae
Turdus sp. Linnaeus 1758 true thrush
Reptilia
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta viridis1 Laurenti 1768 European green lizard
Lacerta agilis1 Linneaus 1758 Sand lizard
 Squamata - Anguidae
Ophisaurus sp.1 Daudin 1803 glass lizard
 Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphe sp.1 Wagler 1833 colubrid snake
Elaphe cf. quatuorlineata1 Lacépède 1789 four-lined snake
Elaphe longissima1 Laurenti 1768 colubrid snake
Natrix nalrix1 water snake
Natrix tesselata1 water snake
Natrix sp.1 Laurenti 1768 water snake
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Macaca florentina Cocchi 1872 macaque
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys sp. Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus3 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus thibetanus Cuvier 1823 Asian black bear
Ursus thibetanus mediterraneus
Ursus etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis etruscus Forsyth Major 1877 canine
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Chasmaporthetes lunensis2 Del Campana 1914 hyaena
Crocuta perrieri spotted hyaena
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae