Tcheleken, collections 1983-84 (Pleistocene of Turkmenistan)

Where: Turkmenistan (39.5° N, 53.4° E: paleocoordinates 39.5° N, 53.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Middle Pleistocene. Grey micaceous sands with clay pebbles and rather numerous bone remains with erosion traces lay above Bakinian and Early Khazarian (Cromerian-Holsteinian) deposits which are well dated by their molluscan fauna.

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine

• Grey micaceous sands with clay pebbles.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: I. A. Dubrovo and A. N. Nigarov. 1990. Plio-Pleistocene Fossil Vertebrate Localities of South-Western Turkmenia, U.S.S.R. Quatarpalaontologie 8:35-45 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 40695: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 28.06.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Equus sp., the voles and the deer may be redeposited from Early Pleistocene sediments.
Actinopteri
 Esociformes - Esocidae
Esox sp. Linnaeus 1758 pike
vertebrae
 Siluriformes - Siluridae
Silurus sp. Linnaeus 1758 catfish
vertebrae
Reptilia
 Testudines -
Testudinoidea indet. Gray 1825 turtle
8 marginal plate.
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Francolinus sp. Stephens 1819 francolin
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anser sp. Linnaeus 1758 goose
Anas sp. Linnaeus 1758 dabbling duck
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Cricetidae indet. Fischer von Waldheim 1817 mouse
1 very damaged tooth.
Arvicolinae indet. Gray 1821 vole
2 molars of a large vole with rootless molars, either late Mimomys or early Arvicola.
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
? Lepus tolai hare
bones and teeth of a small hare, probably Lepus tolai.
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Elasmotherium sp. Fischer 1808 rhinoceros
teeth fragments.
Dicerorhinus sp. Gloger 1841 rhinoceros
teeth fragments.
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Hemionus sp." = Equus (Hemionus), "Equus cf. suessenbornensis" = Equus (Sussemionus) suessenbornensis
"Hemionus sp." = Equus (Hemionus) Stehlin and Graziosi 1935 horse
1 astragalus.
"Equus cf. suessenbornensis" = Equus (Sussemionus) suessenbornensis Wüst 1901 horse
teeth and bone fragments.
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
1 axis.
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus trogontherii Pohlig 1888 mammoth
fragemnts of teeth. Mammuthus trogontherii chosaricus.
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
2 forms of small bovidae.
? Bos sp. Linnaeus 1758 ox
Bos sensu lato. 1 metacarpal.
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
antler fragments.
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
either C. cf elaphas or C. cf. acoronatus.