Algoz (Pleistocene of Portugal)

Where: Algarve, Portugal (37.2° N, 8.3° W: paleocoordinates 37.2° N, 8.3° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Lower Middle Pleistocene, Biharian. Humid, swampy, riparian environment rich in plant life and a nearby forest. Warm climate.

Environment/lithology:

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: M. T. Antunes, A. Azzaroli, M. Faura, C. Guerin, and P. Mein. 1986. Mammiferes pleistocenes de Algoz, en Algarve: une revision. Ciencias da Terra (UNL) 8:73-86 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 40809: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 01.07.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Mammalia
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Oryctolagus lacosti rabbit
2 metatarsals.
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus antiquus Desmarest 1822 hippo
Hippopotamus amphibius major. 1 femoral head, 1 distal tibia, 1 calcaneum, 1 astagalus, 1 navicular, 1 cuboid fragment, 1 fouth metatarsal, 2 phalanges. Probably all from one individual.
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
1 mandible fragment, 1 incomplete deciduous molar, 1 partial radius, 1 fragment of 'omoplate'.
Eucladoceros cf. dicranios deer
1 subadult male - most bones unfused, antler fragments present. Cervus elephas race canadensis.
Chlorophyceae
  -
Botryococcus sp. Kutzing 1849
0.7%
Pinopsida
 Pinales - Pinaceae
Pinus sp. Linnaeus 1753 pine
53.0%
Picea sp. Link 1827 spruce
9.5%
Magnoliopsida
 Ericales - Ericaceae
Ericaceae indet. de Jussieu 1789
2.8%
 Caryophyllales - Chenopodiaceae
Chenopodiaceae indet. Ventenat
2.8%. Amaranthaceae-Chenopodiaceae indet.
 Fagales - Fagaceae
Quercus sp. Linnaeus 1753
6.5%
 Violales - Salicaceae
Salix sp. Linnaeus 1753 willow
0.5%