Ushkalka (Pleistocene of Ukraine)

Where: Ukraine (47.4° N, 34.1° E: paleocoordinates 47.5° N, 34.0° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Early Pleistocene, Biharian, Second half of the EoPleistocene, reversed magnetism - Matuyama-Jaramillo.

Environment/lithology: fluvial

• In the 7th terrace of the river flowing into the Black Sea.
• Sand with fossil molluscs.

Size class: mesofossils

Collection methods: Fossil molluscs mentioned but not listed.

Primary reference: A. K. Markova. 1990. The sequence of Early Pleistocene small-mammal faunas from the South Russian Plain. Quartärpaläontologie 1990:131-151 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/L. van den Hoek Ostende]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 41037: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 06.07.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Cricetidae
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus sp." = Spermophilus
"Citellus sp." = Spermophilus Cuvier 1825 ground squirrel
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hare
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotona sp. Link 1795 pika
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex sp. Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew