Kivalina fauna - Hopkins and MacNeil (1960) (Pliocene of the United States)

Also known as Kivalina fauna

Where: Northwest Arctic County, Alaska (67.8° N, 164.7° W: paleocoordinates 68.0° N, 164.3° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• Black organic clay, pebbly clay, and silty sand, having a total thickness of 10-15 feet, resting upon Mississippian limestone bedrock, and overlain by 10-15 feet of light olive gray sand free pebble gravel and sandy pebble garvel and 5 to 10 feet of windblown silt.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; pebbly, black claystone and silty sandstone

• Probably represents a wave-cut cliff carved during the maximum landward transgression of Chukchi Sea during late Cenozoic time
• Black organic clay, pebbly clay, and silty sand

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: quarrying,

• Collected by Hopkins (1959); Identified by F.S. MacNeil. Unknown repository, probably USGS or USNM

Primary reference: D. M. Hopkins and F.S. MacNeil. 1960. A marine fauna probably of late probably of late Pliocene age near Kivalina, Alaska. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 400(B):339-342 [A. Miller/A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 41309: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 12.07.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Representative for mollusca. Foraminifera and ostracoda not entered
Ademete sp.
or Buccinum
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
 Carditida - Astartidae
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Cardita (Cyclocardia) subcrassidens" = Cyclocardia, "Cardita (Cyclocardia) crebricostata" = Cyclocardia (Cyclocardia) crebricostata
"Cardita (Cyclocardia) subcrassidens" = Cyclocardia clam
"Cardita (Cyclocardia) crebricostata" = Cyclocardia (Cyclocardia) crebricostata Krause 1885 clam
 Pholadida - Myidae
Mya sp. Linnaeus 1758 softshell clam
Mya truncata or M. japonica
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Serripes groenlandicus" = Serripes (Serripes) groenlandicus
"Serripes groenlandicus" = Serripes (Serripes) groenlandicus Mohr 1786 cockle
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
"Saxicava arctica" = Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica
"Saxicava arctica" = Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Polinices pallida" = Euspira pallida
"Polinices pallida" = Euspira pallida Broderip and Sowerby 1829 moon snail
  - Neptuneidae