Pondicherry (Cretaceous of India)

Where: India (12.0° N, 79.8° E: paleocoordinates 33.5° S, 58.2° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Valudavur Formation, Late/Upper Maastrichtian (70.6 - 66.0 Ma)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; lithified, concretionary, pebbly, white, yellow sandstone and lithified, concretionary, sandy claystone

• Divided into horizons A and B. Horizon A consists on white sands with nodules or concretions with burrows below, followed by yellow sands with gravel, and sandy clays with burrowed concretions. No body fossils were found. Horizon B included yellow and white sands with concretions and nodules, yeilding body fossils including bacilitids and an ammonite.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Reposited in the BMNH

• Revised on the basis of the collections of the Natural History Museum, London, notably those described by Forbes (1846).

Primary reference: E. Forbes. 1846. Report on the fossil invertebrata from southern India, collected by Mr. Kaye and Mr. Cunliffe. Transactions of the Geological Society of London, Series 2 7:97-174 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 41428: authorized by Arnold Miller, entered by Danielle Schramm on 14.07.2004, edited by Matthew Clapham and Pete Wagner

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Gastropoda
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
"Cypraea (Epona) globulina n. sp." = Palaeocypraea (Pustulariopsis) globulina2
"Cypraea (Epona) globulina n. sp." = Palaeocypraea (Pustulariopsis) globulina2 Stoliczka 1867 cowry
Cephalopoda
 Ammonitida - Kossmaticeratidae
"Ammonites brahma n. sp." = Brahmaites (Brahmaites) brahma, "Ammonites vishnu n. sp." = Brahmaites (Anabrahmaites) vishnu
"Ammonites brahma n. sp." = Brahmaites (Brahmaites) brahma Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites vishnu n. sp." = Brahmaites (Anabrahmaites) vishnu Forbes 1846 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Pachydiscidae
"Ammonites menu n. sp." = Menuites menu, "Ammonites soma n. sp." = Pachydiscus (Neodesmoceras) soma, "Ammonites egertoni n. sp." = Pachydiscus (Pachydiscus) egertoni, "Ammonites ganesa n. sp." = Pachydiscus (Pachydiscus) egertoni, "Ammonites yama n. sp." = Pachydiscus (Pachydiscus) yama, "Ammonites chrishna n. sp." = Pachydiscus neubergicus
"Ammonites menu n. sp." = Menuites menu Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites soma n. sp." = Pachydiscus (Neodesmoceras) soma Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites egertoni n. sp." = Pachydiscus (Pachydiscus) egertoni Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites ganesa n. sp." = Pachydiscus (Pachydiscus) egertoni Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites yama n. sp." = Pachydiscus (Pachydiscus) yama Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites chrishna n. sp." = Pachydiscus neubergicus Hauer 1858 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Desmoceratidae
"Ammonites diphylloides n. sp." = Desmophyllites diphylloides, "Ammonites rembda n. sp." = Hauericeras rembda, "Ammonites durga n. sp." = Hauericeras rembda, Kitchinites pondicherryanus1
"Ammonites diphylloides n. sp." = Desmophyllites diphylloides Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites rembda n. sp." = Hauericeras rembda Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites durga n. sp." = Hauericeras rembda Forbes 1846 ammonite
Kitchinites pondicherryanus1 Kossmat 1897 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Gaudryceratidae
"Ammonites varuna n. sp." = Zelandites varuna, "Ammonites kayei n. sp." = Gaudryceras kayei, Anagaudryceras valudavurense n. sp.1
"Ammonites varuna n. sp." = Zelandites varuna Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites kayei n. sp." = Gaudryceras kayei Forbes 1846 ammonite
Anagaudryceras valudavurense n. sp.1 Kossmat 1895 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Tetragonitidae
"Ammonites indra n. sp." = Pseudophyllites indra, "Ammonites garuda n. sp." = Pseudophyllites indra, "Ammonites cala n. sp." = Saghalinites cala
"Ammonites indra n. sp." = Pseudophyllites indra Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites garuda n. sp." = Pseudophyllites indra Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites cala n. sp." = Saghalinites cala Forbes 1846 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Sphenodiscidae
"Ammonites siva n. sp." = Sphenodiscus siva
"Ammonites siva n. sp." = Sphenodiscus siva Forbes 1846 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Scaphitidae
"Ammonites pavana n. sp." = Indoscaphites pavana, "Ammonites cunliffei n. sp." = Indoscaphites cunliffei, "Ammonites indicus n. sp." = Hoploscaphites indicus
"Ammonites pavana n. sp." = Indoscaphites pavana Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites cunliffei n. sp." = Indoscaphites cunliffei Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites indicus n. sp." = Hoploscaphites indicus Forbes 1846 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Baculitidae
"Baculites vagina n. sp." = Eubaculites vagina, "Baculites teres n. sp." = Fresvillia teres
"Baculites vagina n. sp." = Eubaculites vagina Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Baculites teres n. sp." = Fresvillia teres Forbes 1846 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Hamitidae
"Hamites" undulatus n. sp. Forbes 1846 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Diplomoceratidae
"Ptychoceras sipho n. sp." = Phylloptychoceras sipho, "Hamites largesulcatus n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras largesulcatum, "Hamites rugatus n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras rugatum, "Hamites nereis n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras rugatum, "Hamites subcompressus n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras rugatum, "Hamites indicus n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras indicum, "Hamites tenuisulcatus n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras tenuisulcatum
"Ptychoceras sipho n. sp." = Phylloptychoceras sipho Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Hamites largesulcatus n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras largesulcatum Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Hamites rugatus n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras rugatum Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Hamites nereis n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras rugatum Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Hamites subcompressus n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras rugatum Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Hamites indicus n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras indicum Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Hamites tenuisulcatus n. sp." = Glyptoxoceras tenuisulcatum Forbes 1846 ammonite
 Phylloceratida - Phylloceratidae
"? Phylloceras decipiens" = Phylloceras (Neophylloceras) decipiens1, "Ammonites nera n. sp." = Phylloceras (Neophylloceras) nera, "Ammonites surya n. sp." = Hypophylloceras (Neophylloceras) surya, Phyllopachyceras forbesianum n. sp.1
"? Phylloceras decipiens" = Phylloceras (Neophylloceras) decipiens1 Kossmat 1895 ammonite
"Ammonites nera n. sp." = Phylloceras (Neophylloceras) nera Forbes 1846 ammonite
"Ammonites surya n. sp." = Hypophylloceras (Neophylloceras) surya Forbes 1846 ammonite
Phyllopachyceras forbesianum n. sp.1 d'Orbigny 1850 ammonite
 Nautilida - Nautilidae
"Nautilus ? laevigatus" = Eutrephoceras sublaevigatum, Nautilus sphaericus n. sp.
"Nautilus ? laevigatus" = Eutrephoceras sublaevigatum d'Orbigny 1850 nautiloid
Nautilus sphaericus n. sp. Forbes 1846 nautiloid
 Nautilida -
Nautilus delphinus n. sp. Forbes 1846 nautiloid
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Cunnolitidae
"Fungia filamentosa n. sp." = Cunnolites cancellata
"Fungia filamentosa n. sp." = Cunnolites cancellata Goldfuss 1826 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae
"Turbinolia arcotensis n. sp." = Caryophyllia konincki
"Turbinolia arcotensis n. sp." = Caryophyllia konincki Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral