Capilla de la Santa Cruz de Palmarito, Locality 7 (Permian of Venezuela)

Where: Merida, Venezuela (8.0° N, 71.3° W: paleocoordinates 5.5° S, 34.4° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Palmarito Formation, Kungurian (279.3 - 272.3 Ma)

• Paving stone, could not be traced to outcrop; 1 m square and 25 cm thick. Palmarito Fm contains Perrinites hilli and Parafusulina of Kungurian age.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: open shallow subtidal; lithified, shelly/skeletal, gray, silty packstone

• Shallow warm water, close to a shoreline of moderate relief (abundance of angular quartz fragments). Most breakage resulted from post-depositional compaction. Low abrasion and abundant micrite suggests low energy conditions.
• Dark gray, petroliferous, fossiliferous, very silty limestone. Heavily infiltrated by hydrocarbons. Sand and silt fractions display primitive sorting, with mm-scale graded beds. Compositionally a biomicrite containing sponge spicules and angular quartz and rock fragments. Soft-sediment deformation with recrystallization and intergranular welding. Texturally a packstone.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original calcite

Collection methods: bulk, mechanical,

• 1 m square and 25 cm thick. Fossils identified from cut slabs.

Primary reference: P.R. Hoover. 1981. Paleontology, Taphonomy, and Paleoecology of the Palmarito Formation (Permian of Venezuela). Bulletins of American Paleontology 80(313):1-138 [D. Bottjer/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 41513: authorized by David Bottjer, entered by Matthew Clapham on 15.07.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Fenestrida -
Fenestrida indet. Elias and Condra 1957
Fenestellid forms
Crinoidea indet. Miller 1821 Sea lily
 Productida - Productellidae
Rugatia occidentalis Newberry 1861
Echinauris cf. liumbona Cooper and Grant 1975
 Productida - Productidae
Kutorginella cf. umbonata Muir-Wood and Cooper 1960
 Productida - Rugosochonetidae
"Stauromata esoterica n. gen. n. sp." = Dyoros esoterica
"Stauromata esoterica n. gen. n. sp." = Dyoros esoterica Hoover 1981
 Orthotetida - Meekellidae
Meekella skenoides Girty 1909
 Athyridida - Athyrididae
Composita cf. pilula Cooper and Grant 1976
 Spiriferida - Trigonotretidae
 Spiriferida - Elythidae
Neophricadothyris cf. crassibecca Cooper and Grant 1976
 Orthida - Schizophoriidae
? Acosarina sp. Cooper and Grant 1969
Reflects minimum estimate based on valve ratios
 Stauriida - Lophophyllidiidae
Lophophyllidium sp. Grabau 1928 horn coral