Locality O, Venezuela - Weisbord (1964) (Pliocene of Venezuela)

Also known as Locality O

Where: Sucre, Venezuela (10.0° N, 63.0° W: paleocoordinates 9.9° N, 62.3° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Catia Member (Playa Grande Formation), Early/Lower Pliocene (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• The Playa Grande Formation consists of a variegated assemblage of rocks and atarts at the base with a brown conglomerate. It attains a maximum thickness of 65 ft at its type locality. The deposit is lenticular lying with a pronounced unconformity on the Las Pailas Formatiion. The Catia Member is exposed north of the Bruscas Fault. The Playa Grande and Mare formations of the Cabo Blanco Group are believed to be early Pliocene in age, and the Guaiguaza clay late Pliocene.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; unlithified, brown, yellow siltstone and fine-grained, medium, gypsiferous, calcareous sandstone

• Beds were laid down in shallow marine waters
• The Catia Member consists mainly of siltstones, sandstones, and conglomerates, whcih are interbedded with coquinas, and occasional mudstone, and sporadic limestone.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original aragonite

Reposited in the PRI

Collection methods: quarrying,

• Collected by Weisbord in 1955 and 1956. Collections also held at Flordia State University

Primary reference: N.E. Weisbord. 1964. Late Cenozoic scaphopods and serpulid polychaets from northern Venezuela. Bulletins of American Paleontology 47(214):111-199 [A. Miller/A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 41553: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 16.07.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Exhaustive for mollusca, and serpulids
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Spondylus americanus2, "Pecten (Euvola) ziczag" = Euvola ziczac2, "Lyropecten (Nodipecten) "sp. B"" = Nodipecten2, "Lyropecten (Nodipecten) ? nodosus" = Nodipecten nodosus2, Pecten (Pecten) sp.2
Spondylus americanus2 Hermann 1781 scallop
"Pecten (Euvola) ziczag" = Euvola ziczac2 Linnaeus 1758 scallop
Subspecies: Pecten (Euvola) ziczag caboblancoensis
"Lyropecten (Nodipecten) "sp. B"" = Nodipecten2 Dall 1898 scallop
"Lyropecten (Nodipecten) ? nodosus" = Nodipecten nodosus2 Linnaeus 1758 scallop
Pecten (Pecten) sp.2 Müller 1776 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea (Alectryonia) vespertina" = Dendostrea vespertina2 Conrad 1854 oyster
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
"Nuculana (Saccella) sp." = Saccella, "Nuculana (? Jupiteria) sp." = Jupiteria
"Nuculana (Saccella) sp." = Saccella Woodring 1925 pointed nut clam
"Nuculana (? Jupiteria) sp." = Jupiteria Bellardi 1875 pointed nut clam
 Vermetoidea - Vermetidae
Serpulorbis aff. conicus1 Dillwyn 1815 worm shell
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
"Dentalium (Antalis) sp." = Antalis
"Dentalium (Antalis) sp." = Antalis Adams and Adams 1854 tusk shell
 Gadilida - Gadilidae
Cadulus sp., "Cadulus (Polyschides) ? tetraschistus" = Polyschides
Cadulus sp. Philippi 1844 tusk shell
"Cadulus (Polyschides) ? tetraschistus" = Polyschides tusk shell