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Turritella (turret shell)

Gastropoda - Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae

T. (Bactrospira), T. (Bowlesia), T. (Broderiptella), T. (Eichwaldiella), T. (Kurosioia), T. (Peyrotia), T. (Sohlitella), T. (Tomyris), T. (Turritella), T. (Zaria), T. abbatis, T. abrupta (syn. T. trinitaria, T. supraconcava, T. charana, T. fredeai), T. admirabilis, T. aequistriata, T. affinis, T. ageri, T. aguilerae, T. alpis, T. alternans, T. altilirata, T. ambulacrum, T. anceps, T. andersoni, T. antigona, T. apita, T. applini, T. arethusa, T. arsenei (syn. T. kamyschinensis, T. acuta), T. assimilis, T. attenuata, T. auricincta, T. beaufortensis, T. belviderei, T. berjadinensis, T. bernardi, T. bhagothorensis, T. bicarinata, T. bicingulata, T. boughtoni, T. bowenae, T. bramkampi, T. brunnhilda, T. buckinghamensis, T. bucklandii, T. buwaldana, T. cahuillensis, T. caleta, T. canaliculata, T. candida, T. caparonis, T. capistrata, T. caribaea, T. carlottae, T. carrisaensis, T. ceibana, T. chaneyi, T. chicoensis, T. chinhauaninae, T. chira, T. clathratula, T. cocoditana, T. columnaris, T. communis, T. conica, T. conquistadorana, T. conspera, T. cooperi (syn. T. nova), T. cornuatus, T. crocea, T. cruzadoi, T. cumberlandia, T. curamichatensis, T. dalli, T. daviesi, T. dickersoni, T. dutexata, T. encina, T. exaltata, T. excavata, T. fica, T. filicincta, T. forresti, T. fuerta, T. fultoni, T. gabrielensis, T. galvesia, T. gatunensis, T. gilbertharrisi, T. goldfusii, T. gonisotoma, T. gothica, T. guppyi, T. halensis, T. hallii, T. hamiltonensis, T. hannai, T. harrisoni, T. hearni (syn. T. tolenasensis), T. heberti, T. herberti, T. hollandi, T. hookeri, T. hopkinsi, T. hosworthi, T. hubbardi, T. humerosa, T. hybrida, T. iddingsi, T. illesca, T. illustris, T. imperialis, T. inca, T. indenta, T. ineziana, T. infraconstricta, T. infragranulata, T. infralineata, T. inframarginata, T. iota, T. kachhensis, T. kaiseri, T. kansasensis, T. karatsuensis, T. kayalensis, T. keaseyensis, T. kernensis, T. keswickensis, T. kewi, T. kimberi, T. lagunillasensis, T. lahirii, T. larensis, T. lawsoni, T. leptomita, T. lindae, T. listrota, T. lloydsmithi, T. lorenzana, T. lornensis, T. machapoorensis, T. maputi, T. marianopsis, T. masinguiensis, T. matarucana, T. mauryana, T. medioconcava, T. meganosensis, T. melanoides, T. merenskyi, T. meroensis, T. merriami, T. miikensis, T. monilifera, T. monilifera, T. monroensis, T. montereyana, T. montserratensis, T. moodyi, T. narica, T. nasuta, T. nelsoni, T. nerinexa, T. nipponica, T. nodosa, T. noetlingi, T. obruta, T. ochlockoneensis, T. ocoyana (syn. T. bosei, T. wittichi), T. okadai, T. olssoni, T. opalina, T. opalina, T. oregonensis, T. oreodoxa, T. ossa, T. pachecoensis (syn. T. saffordi), T. paedopsis, T. pagodaeformis, T. pagodula, T. paraguanensis, T. pasada, T. peninsularis, T. perduensis, T. perforata, T. pescaderoensis, T. petersoni, T. pilsbryi, T. pinfoldi, T. pittsburgensis, T. planispira, T. pondicherriensis, T. portaroi, T. porterensis, T. praelonga, T. prenuncia, T. pseudobandongensis, T. pseudohauthalli, T. pseudotethis, T. puncticulata, T. quadrangulonodosa, T. quadrilira, T. rakhiensis, T. reevei, T. reversa, T. riverae, T. robusta, T. rotundata, T. rustica, T. sakitoensis, T. salasi, T. salchica, T. saltoensis, T. samanensis, T. saposa, T. scalata, T. segmenta, T. seriatimgranulata, T. sexlineata, T. shataii, T. sherborni, T. simiensis, T. soldadensis, T. soriensis, T. sowerbii, T. steiningeri, T. stephanensis, T. stoppanii, T. subcanaliculata, T. subcarinata, T. subgrundifera, T. subtilestriata, T. subtilis, T. subuvasana, T. subvariabilis, T. susanaensis, T. tampae, T. taurinensis, T. temblorensis, T. terebellata, T. terebralis, T. terebriformis, T. tippana, T. tipperi, T. tornata, T. torulosa, T. totiumsanctorum, T. tricincta, T. tricostata, T. trilineata, T. trilira, T. turbinata, T. turris, T. tuxtepecensis, T. uvasana, T. varicosta, T. ventricosa, T. vertebroides, T. vientoensis, T. vistana, T. vitulata, T. washingtoniana, T. weaveri, T. woodsi, T. xylina, T. yucatecana

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1799Turritella Lamarck
1895Turritella Stanton p. 69
1904Turritella Martin p. 233
1926Turritella Bohm p. 64
1928Turritella Nagao p. 99
1928Turritella Woodring p. 347
1931Turritella Olsson p. 74
1935Turritella Oostingh p. 5
1937Turritella Popenoe p. 400
1938Turritella Turner p. 83
1939Turritella Mukerjee p. 44
1943Turritella Gardner p. 195
1947Turritella Gardner p. 590
1948Turritella Gardner p. 195
1957Turritella Rivera p. 174
1959Turritella Woodring p. 160
1960Turritella MacNeil p. 36
1962Turritella Abbass p. 180
1962Turritella Weisbord p. 144
1967Turritella Abbass p. 18
1967Turritella Olsson p. 37
1970Turritella Addicott p. 46
1970Turritella Scott p. 80
1971Turritella Jung p. 176
1972Turritella Ladd p. 14
1972Turritella Perrilliat p. 38
1973Turritella Iqbal p. 25
1974Turritella Shuto p. 142
1976Turritella Moore p. 29
1983Turritella Gliozzi and Malatesta p. 99
1983Turritella Zinsmeister p. 1289
1984Turritella Kase p. 123
1984Turritella Squires p. 17
1986Turritella Kensley and Pether p. 161
1987Turritella Perrilliat p. 11
1987Turritella Squires p. 24
1987Turritella Ward and Blackwelder p. 131
1988Turritella Squires p. 10
1992Turritella Ward p. 115
1993Turritella Dockery p. 48
1993Turritella Wilson p. 140
1994Turritella Titova p. 321
1995Turritella Pacaud and Le Renard p. 157
1996Turritella Allmon p. 10
1997Turritella Marquet p. 10
1999Turritella Frassinetti and Covacevich p. 45
2001Turritella Harzhauser and Mandic p. 693
2001Turritella Todd
2001Turritella Wienrich p. 412
2002Turritella Harzhauser p. 76
2002Turritella Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Turritella van den Hoek Ostende et al. p. 18
2004Turritella Harzhauser p. 124
2004Turritella Stilwell et al. p. 28
2004Turritella Vera-Peláez et al. p. 257
2005Turritella Bouchet et al. pp. 179, 249
2007Turritella Harzhauser p. 96
2010Turritella Landau and Marques da Silva p. 18
2018Turritella Devries p. 36

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EubilateriaAx 1987
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
orderSorbeoconchaPonder and Lindberg 1997
superfamilyCerithioidea(Férussac 1819)
familyTurritellidaeLovén 1847
subfamilyTurritellinaeLovén 1847
genusTurritellaLamarck 1799

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

W. P. Woodring 1928Small slender, many-whorled, spire-high, whorls more or less bulging or flat. Aperture broadly ovate. Outer lop of type species flexed backward near suture, then extending backward and more gently forward, forming a broad shallow assymetric sinus. Other species have lips of different shape. Sculpture of type species consisting of heavy spiral threads between which lie very fine spiral threads. Some species have beaded spiral cords

Composition: aragonitec
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 10 to < 100g
Adult width: 10 to < 100g
Adult height: 10 to < 100g
Thickness: thing
Folds: noneg
Ribbing: minorg
Spines: noneg
Internal reinforcement: noneg
Locomotion: facultatively mobileg
Life habit: semi-infaunalg
Diet: suspension feederg
Vision: limitedc
Comments: DIMENSIONS & MORPHOLOGY: Based on ten randomly selected figured species.g
Created: 2004-02-29 18:26:02
Modified: 2018-03-04 19:51:38
Source: g = genus, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Middle Triassic to the top of the Holocene or 247.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 237.0 Ma

Collections (3463 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Germany (Saxony-Anhalt) Turbonilla scalata (201970)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Hungary (Bakony) Turritella bernardi, Turritella subtilestriata (203210) Turritella sp. (203270)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Indonesia (Timor) Turritella sp. (205320)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Germany Turritella stoppanii, Turritella alpis (202142)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Alaska) Turritella sp. (112238 112239 112240)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Italy Turritella paedopsis, Turritella abbatis (144631) Turritella subtilestriata (144632) Turritella tricincta, Turritella tricostata (137429)
Lacian221.5 - 215.56USA (Alaska) Turritella sp. (112237)
Angulata201.3 - 196.5Luxembourg Turritella sp. (149756)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Ethiopia Turritella sp. (94587)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8USSR (Cis-Polar Trans-Urals) Turritella sp. (2489 2503)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8USSR (Anadyr-Koryakskii Region) Turritella sp. (2538)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8USSR (Siberia) Turritella sp. (2470)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9USA (Oregon) Turritella buwaldana (52308)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Poland Turritella polonica (63065)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9France Turritella jaccardi (2222)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Switzerland Turritella jaccardi (2225 2247) Turritella sp. (2243)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9USSR (Siberia) Turritella sp. (2473 2493)
Early/Lower Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0Germany Turritella sp. (76934)
Early/Lower Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0Argentina (Neuquen) Turritella lineolata (47202)
Late/Upper Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0Germany Turritella sp. (76937)