Artenac 'Bed 8', Commune de Saint-Mary, Charente, (Pleistocene of France)

Also known as Artenac-en-Charente

Where: Poitou-Charentes, France (45.7° N, 0.2° E: paleocoordinates 45.6° N, 0.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: 5 Member, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• There are five members at this site ranging in age from the Middle to Upper Pleistocene. Members 1-3 (beds I-V) are Middle Pleistocene levels, the Upper Pleistocene is represented by Members 4-5 (beds 5-10). Bed 8 is ?Stage 5, temperate to cold.

Environment/lithology: cave

• there are 4 different facies - 8G calcareous granules and large blocks, 8H little stones, 8F coprolites, 8E very compact clay with small stones.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: anthropogenic, bone collector

Collection methods: bulk,

• This material is still under study.

Primary reference: A. Delagnes, J.-F. Tournepiche, D. Armand, E. Desclaux, M.-F. Diot, C. Ferrier, V. Le Fillatre and B. Vandermeersch. 1999. Le gisement Pleistocene moyen et superieur d'Artenac (Saint-Mary, Charent): premier bilan interdisciplinaire. Bulletin de la Societe Prehistorique Francaise 96(4):469-496 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 43629: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 17.08.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Arvicola terrestris, "Microtus gregalis" = Microtus, Microtus arvalis, "Terricola cf. subterraneus" = Microtus, Cricetulus migratorius
Arvicola terrestris Linnaeus 1758 European water vole
"Microtus gregalis" = Microtus vole
Microtus arvalis Pallas 1779 common vole
"Terricola cf. subterraneus" = Microtus vole
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Marmota sp. Frisch 1775 marmot
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Oryctolagus cuniculus Linnaeus 1758 European rabbit
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa europaea Linnaeus 1758 European mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Coelodonta sp. Bronn 1831 wooly rhino
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus caballus Linnaeus 1758 horse
Equus caballus ssp.
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex minutus Linnaeus 1766 Eurasian pygmy shrew
Sorex araneus Linnaeus 1758 common shrew
Sorex group araneus/coronatus
Crocidura leucodon Hermann 1780 white-toothed shrew
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis myotis Borkhausen 1797 greater mouse-eared bat
Myotis bechsteini Leisler 1818 vesper bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus sp. Linnaeus 1758 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Meles sp. Brisson 1762 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775 fox
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
Canis lupus lupus
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 lion
Panthera leo spelaea
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
Crocuta crocuta spelaea
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephantidae indet. Gray 1821 elephant
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus scrofa Linnaeus 1758 wild boar
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovinae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Rangifer tarandus Linnaeus 1758 reindeer
Capreolus capreolus Linnaeus 1758 European roe deer
"Megaceros sp." = Megaloceros Brookes 1828 Irish elk