Toca da Cima dos Pilao (Pleistocene of Brazil)

Where: Piaui, Brazil (9.0° S, 42.7° W: paleocoordinates 9.0° S, 42.7° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• C14

Environment/lithology: cave; lithology not reported

• "rock shelter" and "holes"; nature of dated material not clear

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: bone collector

Collection methods: quarrying

Primary reference: C. Guerin. 1991. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 312:567-572 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 71334: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 09.03.1999

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• lithic industry and Dracaena sp. (Teiidae) also present
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Caviidae
 Rodentia - Cuniculidae
Cuniculus sp. Brisson 1762 caviomorph
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus neogeus" = Equus caballus Linnaeus 1758 horse
"E. neogaeus"
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Arctotherium brasiliense Lund 1838 bear
"Arctodus brasiliensis"
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustelidae indet. Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet. Fischer 1817 canid
Speothos or Cerdocyon
 Carnivora - Felidae
Smilodon populator Lund 1842 saber-toothed cat
 Xenarthra - Dasypodidae
Dasypus sp. Linnaeus 1758 armadillo
 Xenarthra - Pampatheriidae
Pampatherium humboldtii Lund 1839 edentate
"Pampatherium humboldti"
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Catonyx cuvieri McDonald 1839 edentate
 Litopterna - Macraucheniidae
"Macrauchenia cf. patachonica" = Macrauchenia patagonica
"Macrauchenia cf. patachonica" = Macrauchenia patagonica Owen 1838 eutherian
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
"Pecari tajacu" = Tayassu tajacu, Tayassu pecari
"Pecari tajacu" = Tayassu tajacu Linnaeus 1758 collared peccary
"Dicotyles tajacu"
Tayassu pecari Link 1795 white-lipped peccary
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Mazama sp. Rafinesque 1817 brocket deer