Nikiti-2 (Miocene of Greece)

Also known as NIK

Where: Greece (40.2° N, 23.7° E: paleocoordinates 39.9° N, 23.4° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Nikiti Formation, MN 11 (8.7 - 7.8 Ma)

• about 20 m higher than the Vallesian collection Nikiti 1 (NKT)

•"early Turolian... beginning of MN11"

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; hematitic siltstone

• lens of "red beds"; stratigraphic section indicates fine sandstone mixed with clay, presumably meaning siltstone

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: T. Vlachou and G. D. Koufos. 2002. The hipparions (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) from the Turolian locality "Nikiti-2" (NIK), Macedonia, N. Greece. Annales de Paléontologie 88(4):215-263 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 73869: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 09.07.2007, edited by Evangelos Vlachos and Panagiotis Kampouridis

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudo cf. marmorum1 Gaudry 1862 turtle
complete shell
 Struthioniformes - Struthionidae
Struthio cf. karatheodoris2 Forsyth Major 1888 ostrich
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
Hipparion dietrichi Wehrli 1941 hipparionine horse
Hipparion macedonicum Koufos 1984 hipparionine horse
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Choerolophodon pentelici Gaudry and Lartet 1856 gomphothere
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Helladotherium duvernoyi Gaudry and Lartet 1856 giraffe
"Helledotherium duvernoyi"
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
Tragoportax aff. rugosifrons antelope
"Tragoportax aff. rugosiforns"