Hoffman School Cave (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Franklin County, West Virginia (38.6° N, 79.4° W: paleocoordinates 38.6° N, 79.4° W)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: cave; siltstone

• All three fossil sites were in red-brown "cave earth," a highly oxidized silt-like solution residue from the parent caves intermingled with frost wedged spalls from cave mouth erosion.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

Primary reference: J. E. Guilday and H. W. Hamilton. 1978. Ecological Significance of Displaced Boreal Mammals in West Virginia Caves. Journal of Mammalogy 59(1):176-181 [M. Uhen/M. Shalap/M. Shalap]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 124199: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Margaret Shalap on 07.02.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Neotoma floridana Ord 1818 eastern woodrat
Peromyscus sp. Gloger 1841 deer mouse
"Synaptomys borealis" = Synaptomys (Mictomys) borealis Richardson 1828 northern bog lemming
Microtus pennsylvanicus Ord 1815 meadow vole
Microtus pinetorum Le Conte 1830 woodland vole
Microtus chrotorrhinus Miller 1894 rock vole
Clethrionomys gapperi Vigors 1830 southern red-backed vole
Phenacomys intermedius Merriam 1889 western heather vole
Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Synaptomys cooperi Baird 1858 southern bog lemming
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Marmota monax Linnaeus 1758 groundhog
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Mitchell 1821 thirteen-lined ground squirrel
Tamias striatus Linnaeus 1758 eastern chipmunk
Glaucomys cf. volans Linnaeus 1758 southern flying squirrel
Glaucomys sabrinus Shaw 1801 northern flying squirrel
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Erxleben 1777 American red squirrel
Sciurus cf. carolinensis Gmelin 1788 eastern gray squirrel
 Rodentia - Erethizontidae
Erethizon dorsatum Linnaeus 1758 North American porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus spp. Gray 1867 cottontail rabbit
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Eptesicus fuscus Beauvois 1796 big brown bat
Myotis sp. Kaup 1829 vesper bat
Pipistrellus subflavus Cuvier 1832 eastern pipistrelle bat
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustela sp. Linnaeus 1758 weasel
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
cf. Cervus elaphus Linnaeus 1758 red deer
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer
 Theriamorpha - Talpidae
Parascalops breweri Bachman 1842 hairly-tailed vole
 Theriamorpha - Soricidae
Blarina brevicauda Say 1823 northern short-tailed shrew
Sorex sp. Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew