USGS Loc. 2646 - Oak Grove [Oak Grove Sand] (Miocene of the United States)

Where: Okaloosa County, Florida (30.9° N, 86.6° W: paleocoordinates 31.3° N, 82.9° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Oak Grove Formation (Alum Bluff Group), Burdigalian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• LITHOSTRATIGRAPHY: From the Oak Grove Fm of the Alum Bluff Gp, for which lithostratigraphic relationships are not discussed. AGE: late Early Miocene, on the basis of macro fossil biostratigraphy. STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From unknown position within formation.

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; unlithified, gray, green, calcareous sandstone

• grey-green sands, for the most part unconsolidated, in places highly calcareous

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the USGS

Primary reference: J. R. Gardner. 1947. The Molluscan Fauna of the Alum Bluff Group of Florida. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (142A-H)1-709 [A. Miller/K. Layou/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 42482: authorized by Arnold Miller, entered by Karen Layou on 30.07.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Arca (Barbatia) phalacra" = Calloarca (Taeniarca) phalacra, "Arca umbonata" = Arca (Arca) imbricata, "Arca occidentalis" = Byssoarca zebra, Trinacria meekii, Arca (Barbatia) marylandica, "Arca (Diluvarca) dodona" = Anadara (Diluvarca), "Arca (Diluvarca) cardioides n. sp." = Anadara (Diluvarca), "Arca (Diluvarca) santarosana" = Anadara (Diluvarca) santarosana
"Arca (Barbatia) phalacra" = Calloarca (Taeniarca) phalacra Dall 1890 clam
rare
"Arca umbonata" = Arca (Arca) imbricata Bruguière 1789 ark
rare
"Arca occidentalis" = Byssoarca zebra Swainson 1833 ark
rare
Trinacria meekii clam
common
Arca (Barbatia) marylandica Conrad 1840 clam
rare
"Arca (Diluvarca) dodona" = Anadara (Diluvarca) ark
prolific
"Arca (Diluvarca) cardioides n. sp." = Anadara (Diluvarca) ark
present
"Arca (Diluvarca) santarosana" = Anadara (Diluvarca) santarosana Dall 1898 ark
abundant
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Glycymeris drymanos n. sp." = Costaglycymeris drymanos
"Glycymeris drymanos n. sp." = Costaglycymeris drymanos Gardner 1926 clam
prolific; also G. drymanos grapta n. subsp. (prolific)
 Arcida - Noetiidae
"Arca (Barbatia) adamsi" = Arcopsis adamsi
"Arca (Barbatia) adamsi" = Arcopsis adamsi Dall 1886 clam
rare
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Spondylus chipolanus, "Pecten (Chlamys) sayanus" = Chlamys
Spondylus chipolanus Dall 1890 scallop
rare
"Pecten (Chlamys) sayanus" = Chlamys scallop
abundant
 Pectinida - Limidae
"Lima carolinensis" = Limaria (Limaria) carolinensis
"Lima carolinensis" = Limaria (Limaria) carolinensis Dall 1898 file clam
present; ? in occurrence table
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
Plicatula densata Conrad 1843 scallop
present
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomia floridana jingle
abundant
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
"Ostrea haitensis" = Hyotissa haitensis
"Ostrea haitensis" = Hyotissa haitensis Sowerby 1850 oyster
present
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea pauciplicata oyster
abundant
 Ostreida - Malleidae
Pedalion solereperta oyster
common
 Ostreida - Pinnidae
Atrina chipolana oyster
present
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Lithophaga oryzoides n. sp. mussel
rare
 Carditida - Astartidae
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
"Crassatellites (Scambula) densus" = Crassatella densus, "Crassatellites (Crassinella) tanicus" = Crassinella
"Crassatellites (Scambula) densus" = Crassatella densus Dall 1900 clam
abundant
"Crassatellites (Crassinella) tanicus" = Crassinella clam
common
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Venericardia himerta" = Glyptoactis (Glyptoactis) himerta Dall 1903 clam
common
Venericardia (Pleuromeris) scitula Dall 1903 clam
present
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
"Corbula (Bothrocorbula) radiatula" = Bothrocorbula radiatula, Corbula (Caryocorbula) seminella, "Corbula waltonensis" = Varicorbula disparilis, "Corbula (Caryocorbula) whitfieldi" = Cuneocorbula whitfieldi
"Corbula (Bothrocorbula) radiatula" = Bothrocorbula radiatula Dall 1898 clam
common
"Corbula waltonensis" = Varicorbula disparilis d'Orbigny 1853 clam
present
"Corbula (Caryocorbula) whitfieldi" = Cuneocorbula whitfieldi Brown 1905 clam
abundant; also C. (C.) whitfieldi stikta n. subsp. (present)
 Cardiida - Gastrochaenidae
Gastrochaena dodona n. sp. clam
present
 Cardiida - Kelliidae
Bornia dodona clam
present
Bornia floridana clam
rare
 Cardiida - Erycinidae
Erycina fabulina clam
present
Erycina curtidens clam
present
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Pseudochama chipolana jewel box
abundant
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Spisula (Hemimactra) densa" = Hemimactra, "Spisula (Hemimactra) dodona" = Hemimactra, "Mactra (Mactrotoma) cymata" = Mactrotoma
"Spisula (Hemimactra) densa" = Hemimactra clam
prolific
"Spisula (Hemimactra) dodona" = Hemimactra clam
present
"Mactra (Mactrotoma) cymata" = Mactrotoma surfclam
rare
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
Diplodonta sphaeromorpha n. sp. clam
rare; (nucleiformis subsp.?)
Diplodonta radiata clam
present
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Chione (Lirophora) sellardsi" = Lirophora, "Chione (Lirophora) glyptocyma" = Lirophora, "Dosinia (Dosinidia) liogona" = Dosinia (Dosinia) liogona, Callocardia (Agriopoma) prosayana, "Gafrarium (Gouldia) altum" = Gouldia alta, "Transenella santarosana" = Transennella, "Macrocallista (Paradione) maculata" = Macrocallista maculata, "Clementia grayi" = Clementia (Egesta) grayi
"Chione (Lirophora) sellardsi" = Lirophora venus clam
rare
"Chione (Lirophora) glyptocyma" = Lirophora venus clam
prolific; also C. (L.) glyptocyma daphne (rare)
"Dosinia (Dosinidia) liogona" = Dosinia (Dosinia) liogona Dall 1903 venus clam
common
Callocardia (Agriopoma) prosayana venus clam
present; C. (A.) prosayana dodona
"Gafrarium (Gouldia) altum" = Gouldia alta Dall 1903 venus clam
present
"Transenella santarosana" = Transennella venus clam
present
"Macrocallista (Paradione) maculata" = Macrocallista maculata Linnaeus 1758 venus clam
abundant
"Clementia grayi" = Clementia (Egesta) grayi Dall 1900 venus clam
rare
 Cardiida - Donacidae
Donax (Paradonax) aldrichi n. sp. clam
rare
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellina (Moerella) hypolispa Dall 1900 tellin clam
rare; ? in occurrence table
Tellina (Moerella) acalypta Dall 1900 tellin clam
common
Tellina (Moerella) agria Dall 1900 tellin clam
present
Tellina (Phyllodina) dodona Dall 1898 tellin clam
present
"Macoma paralenis n. sp." = Macoma (Macoma) paralenis Gardner 1947 tellin clam
rare
Tellina (Eurytellina) roburina Dall 1900 tellin clam
common
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Semele compacta clam
common
Ervilia chipolana Dall 1898 clam
present
Ervilia planata Dall 1898 clam
common
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Cardium (Trachycardium) delphicum" = Trachycardium, "Cardium (Trachycardium) malacum" = Trachycardium, "Cardium (Laevicardium) compressum" = Laevicardium compressum, "Cardium (Cerastoderma) taphrium" = Dinocardium taphrium, "Cardium (Acanthocardia) ctenolium" = Acanthocardia, "Cardium (Fragum) apateticum" = Fragum, "Cardium (Cerastoderma) panastrum" = Cerastoderma, "Cardium (Cerastoderma) druidicum" = Cerastoderma
"Cardium (Trachycardium) delphicum" = Trachycardium cockle
rare
"Cardium (Trachycardium) malacum" = Trachycardium cockle
present
"Cardium (Laevicardium) compressum" = Laevicardium compressum Dall 1900 cockle
common
"Cardium (Cerastoderma) taphrium" = Dinocardium taphrium Dall 1900 cockle
prolific
"Cardium (Acanthocardia) ctenolium" = Acanthocardia cockle
rare
"Cardium (Fragum) apateticum" = Fragum cockle
abundant
"Cardium (Cerastoderma) panastrum" = Cerastoderma cockle
rare
"Cardium (Cerastoderma) druidicum" = Cerastoderma cockle
common
 Cardiida - Sportellidae
Sportella obolus clam
present
Sportella lioconcha clam
present
Sportella lubrica clam
rare
 Cardiida - Lasaeidae
Aligena lineata aligena
common
Aligena pustulosa Dall 1898 aligena
present
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
"Panope parawhitfieldi n. sp." = Panopea parawhitfieldi
"Panope parawhitfieldi n. sp." = Panopea parawhitfieldi Gardner 1928 clam
present
 Solenida - Solenidae
Solen amphistemma clam
present
 Solenida - Pharidae
Ensis cf. directus Conrad 1844 clam
common
 Pandorida - Pandoridae
"Pandora (Kennerleyia) dodona" = Pandora (Pandorella) dodona
"Pandora (Kennerleyia) dodona" = Pandora (Pandorella) dodona Dall 1903 clam
abundant
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Phacoides (Parvilucina) piluliformis" = Parvilucina, "Phacoides (Linga) densatus" = Linga, "Phacoides (Linga) sp." = Linga, "Phacoides (Lucinisca) plesiolophus" = Lucinisca, "Lucina santarosana" = Pegophysema santarosana, "Phacoides (Miltha) chipolanus" = Miltha chipolana, "Divaricella chipolana" = Divaricella (Divaricella) chipolana, "Phacoides (Cardiolucina) parawhitfieldi n. sp." = Cardiolucina
"Phacoides (Parvilucina) piluliformis" = Parvilucina clam
prolific
"Phacoides (Linga) densatus" = Linga clam
present
"Phacoides (Linga) sp." = Linga de Gregorio 1885 clam
rare
"Phacoides (Lucinisca) plesiolophus" = Lucinisca clam
prolific
"Lucina santarosana" = Pegophysema santarosana Dall 1903 clam
prolific
"Phacoides (Miltha) chipolanus" = Miltha chipolana Dall 1903 clam
rare
"Divaricella chipolana" = Divaricella (Divaricella) chipolana Dall 1903 clam
rare
"Phacoides (Cardiolucina) parawhitfieldi n. sp." = Cardiolucina clam
common
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula sinaria Dall 1898 nut clam
prolific
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
"Leda proteracuta" = Nuculana, "Leda dodona" = Nuculana
"Leda proteracuta" = Nuculana pointed nut clam
rare; ? in occurrence table, L. proteracuta leita n. subsp.
"Leda dodona" = Nuculana pointed nut clam
present
 Protobranchia - Yoldiidae
Yoldia frater clam
prolific
Gastropoda
 Cephalaspidea - Retusidae
"Volvula oxytata" = Volvulella (Volvulella) oxytata
"Volvula oxytata" = Volvulella (Volvulella) oxytata Bush 1885 snail
abundant
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
Acteocina sphalera barrel-bubble
abundant
Cylichnella biplicata Lea 1845 snail
prolific
Cylichna quercinensis snail
abundant
 Cephalaspidea - Haminoeidae
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullinidae
Globularia fischeri Dall 1892 snail
rare
Pachycrommium dodonum n. sp. snail
rare
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
"Oliva liodes" = Oliva (Omogymna) liodes Dall 1903 olive snail
present
Olivella cotinados olive snail
present
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
Nassarina trachea snail
rare
Mitrella phagon n. sp. snail
common
Mitrella perfervida snail
present
Mitrella mikra n. sp. Gardner 1947 snail
common
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
"Uzita watsoni" = Nassarius (Uzita), "Uzita dryas n. sp." = Nassarius (Uzita), "Uzita eutykta n. sp." = Nassarius (Uzita), "Uzita ischna n. sp." = Nassarius (Uzita), "Uzita bimitrodita n. sp." = Nassarius (Uzita), "Uzita dalli" = Nassarius (Uzita), "Uzita berthae" = Nassarius (Uzita)
"Uzita watsoni" = Nassarius (Uzita) snail
present
"Uzita dryas n. sp." = Nassarius (Uzita) snail
common; also U. dryas leptalea n. subsp. (common)
"Uzita eutykta n. sp." = Nassarius (Uzita) snail
common
"Uzita ischna n. sp." = Nassarius (Uzita) snail
rare
"Uzita bimitrodita n. sp." = Nassarius (Uzita) snail
rare
"Uzita dalli" = Nassarius (Uzita) snail
common
"Uzita berthae" = Nassarius (Uzita) snail
common
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Busycon radix n. sp. Gardner 1947 whelk
rare
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
Cancellaria druidarum n. sp. snail
common
Cancellaria stibara snail
rare
"Cancellaria bifoliata" = Axelella bifoliata Aldrich 1903 snail
present
 Neogastropoda - Cystiscidae
Marginella (Gibberuula) dryados, "Marginella (Persicula) majuscula n. sp." = Persicula amplior
Marginella (Gibberuula) dryados Maury 1910 snail
abundant
"Marginella (Persicula) majuscula n. sp." = Persicula amplior Roth 1973 snail
rare
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Marginella (Serrata) denticulatoides Maury 1910 margin shell
common
Marginella (Serrata) coloba Gardner 1947 margin shell
present; M. (S.) coloba conoispira
Marginella (Serrata) critha n. sp. Gardner 1947 margin shell
present
 Neogastropoda - Turbinellidae
"Xancus dodonaius n. sp." = Turbinella
"Xancus dodonaius n. sp." = Turbinella snail
present
 Neogastropoda - Costellariidae
"Vexillum (Uromitra) hamadryas n. sp." = Uromitra
"Vexillum (Uromitra) hamadryas n. sp." = Uromitra ribbed mitre
abundant
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Urosalpinx xustris n. sp., "Urosalpinx phagon n. sp." = Poirieria (Panamurex) phagon, "Muricopsis laccopoia" = Poirieria (Panamurex) laccopoia
Urosalpinx xustris n. sp. murex snail
present
"Urosalpinx phagon n. sp." = Poirieria (Panamurex) phagon Gardner 1947 murex snail
present
"Muricopsis laccopoia" = Poirieria (Panamurex) laccopoia Gardner 1947 murex snail
rare
 Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae
Kurtziella thektapleura snail
rare; ? in occurrence table
Kurtziella ramondi snail
common
Ithycythara tarri Maury 1910 snail
common
""Mangelia" teirata n. sp." = Cythara (Mangelia) snail
rare
 Neogastropoda - Drilliidae
"Agladrillia subvaricosa" = Clathrodrillia subvaricosa, "Drillia" pachycheila, "Eumetadrillia dodona n. sp." = Agladrillia (Eumetadrillia) dodona
"Agladrillia subvaricosa" = Clathrodrillia subvaricosa Gardner 1938 snail
rare
"Drillia" pachycheila snail
present
"Eumetadrillia dodona n. sp." = Agladrillia (Eumetadrillia) dodona Gardner 1947 snail
common
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Crassispira boadicea turrid
common
 Neogastropoda -
Glyphostoma aldrichi snail
common
Nannodiella nemorensis Maury 1910 snail
present
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus dodona n. sp. Gardner 1937 cone shell
abundant
Conus molis Brown and Pilsbry 1911 cone shell
rare
Conus corrugatus n. sp. Sowerby 1870 cone shell
abundant
 Neogastropoda - Terebridae
"Terebra (Strioterebrum) langdoni" = Strioterebrum, "Terebra (Strioterebrum) spirifera" = Strioterebrum spiriferum, Terebra aulakoessa n. sp., Spineoterebra psilis
"Terebra (Strioterebrum) langdoni" = Strioterebrum auger snail
present; ? in occurrence table
"Terebra (Strioterebrum) spirifera" = Strioterebrum spiriferum Dall 1895 auger snail
present
Terebra aulakoessa n. sp. auger snail
rare
Spineoterebra psilis auger snail
present
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
"Strombus aldrichi" = Persististrombus aldrichi, Strombus dodoneus n. sp.
"Strombus aldrichi" = Persististrombus aldrichi Dall 1890 true conch
present
Strombus dodoneus n. sp. conch
prolific
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Natica (Naticarius) precursor" = Naticarius precursor, "Natica (Tectonatica) semen n. sp." = Tectonatica, Sinum dodoneum n. sp., Sinum chipolanum, Sigatica caractica, Polinices judsoni, "Polinices (Neverita) eucallosus n. sp." = Neverita, "Polinices (Neverita) chipolanus" = Neverita chipolanus
"Natica (Naticarius) precursor" = Naticarius precursor Gardner 1947 moon snail
common
"Natica (Tectonatica) semen n. sp." = Tectonatica moon snail
prolific
Sinum dodoneum n. sp. moon snail
present
Sinum chipolanum Dall 1892 moon snail
common
Sigatica caractica Gardner 1947 moon snail
common
Polinices judsoni moon snail
abundant
"Polinices (Neverita) eucallosus n. sp." = Neverita moon snail
prolific
"Polinices (Neverita) chipolanus" = Neverita chipolanus Dall 1892 moon snail
present
 Vermetoidea - Vermetidae
Petaloconchus sculpturatus Lea 1846 worm shell
abundant
Lemintina granifera worm shell
abundant; ? in occurrence table
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Crucibulum grande slipper shell
present; ? in occurrence table
"Crucibulum chipolanum" = Crucibulum (Crucibulum) chipolanum Dall 1892 slipper shell
abundant; C. chipolanum dodoneum n. subsp.
Crucibulum multilineatum Conrad 1842 slipper shell
abundant
Calyptraea centralis Conrad 1841 slipper shell
abundant
Crepidula aesop slipper shell
present; ? in occurrence table
Crepidula plana Say 1822 slipper shell
present
Crepidula fornicata Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
abundant
"Calyptraea crenata n. sp." = Calyptraea (Trochita) crenata Gardner 1947 slipper shell
rare
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
Rissoa phagon n. sp. snail
rare
 Rissooidea - Vitrinellidae
Episcynia mauryi snail
common
"Circulus" mitorraphes n. sp. snail
rare
 Truncatelloidea - Tornidae
Cochliolepis arietina n. sp. snail
present
 Sorbeoconcha - Litiopidae
Alaba dodona n. sp. snail
rare
 Sorbeoconcha - Planaxidae
Fossarus florius snail
rare; ? in occurrence table
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella alcida turret shell
abundant; also T. alcida bicarinata (common)
Turritella subgrundifera Dall 1892 turret shell
present
 Heterostropha - Acteonidae
Sulcularia chipolana snail
abundant
Acteon luculi Maury 1910 snail
rare
Acteon hamadryados Maury 1910 snail
abundant
 Heterostropha - Ringiculidae
Ringicula stiphera snail
rare
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
Architectonica alvear, "Architectonica quadriseriata" = Architectonica nobilis
Architectonica alvear sundial
common
"Architectonica quadriseriata" = Architectonica nobilis Röding 1798 sundial
rare
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
 Turbinoidea - Phasianellidae
Tricolia affinis snail
rare; ? in occurrence table, T. affinis chipolana
Tricolia probrevis snail
present
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Diodora chipolana Dall 1892 snail
rare
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Chlorostoma exolutum top snail
rare
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
 Gadilida - Gadilidae
"Cadulus (Gadila) clarae" = Gadila
"Cadulus (Gadila) clarae" = Gadila tusk shell
prolific