Chowan River, coral thicket (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as Reef 692

Where: Bertie County, North Carolina (36.1° N, 76.7° W: paleocoordinates 36.1° N, 76.3° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Chowan River Formation, Gelasian (2.6 - 1.8 Ma)

• N21 microfossil zone

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified limestone and lithified sandstone

• coral thicket, 2m thick

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: R. H. Bailey and S. A. Tedesco. 1986. Paleoecology of a Pliocene coral thicket from North Carolina: an example of temporal change in community structure and function. Journal of Paleontology 60(6):1159-1176 [W. Kiessling/U. Merkel]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 71138: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Uta Merkel on 19.04.2007, edited by Austin Hendy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Rhizangiidae
Septastrea crassa Holmes 1860 stony coral
Echinoidea
  -
Echinoidea indet. Leske 1778 sea urchin
Gastropoda
 Trochoidea - Areneidae
"Arene pergemma" = Marevalvata tricarinata
"Arene pergemma" = Marevalvata tricarinata Stearns 1872 snail
 Opisthobranchia - Cylichnidae
Acteocina canaliculata Say 1826 barrel-bubble
  -
 Heterostropha - Pyramidellidae
"Turbonilla nivea" = Turbonilla (Chemnitzia) ivea Stimpson 1851 snail
Turbonilla interrupta Totten 1835 snail
 Epitonioidea - Epitoniidae
 Neotaenioglossa - Calyptraeidae
Crepidula plana Say 1822 slipper shell
Crepidula fornicata Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
"Crepidula aculeata" = Bostrycapulus aculeatus Gmelin 1791 slipper shell
Crucibulum multilineatum Conrad 1842 slipper shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiopsidae
Seila adamsii Lea 1845 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Naticidae
"Lunatia heros" = Euspira heros, "Polinices duplicatus" = Neverita duplicatus
"Lunatia heros" = Euspira heros Say 1822 moon snail
"Polinices duplicatus" = Neverita duplicatus Say 1822 moon snail
 Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae
"Cryoturris cf. magnoliana" = Kurtziella (Cryoturris)
"Cryoturris cf. magnoliana" = Kurtziella (Cryoturris) snail
 Neogastropoda - Drilliidae
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Ilyanassa granifera Conrad 1868 snail
Nassarius chowanensis Gardner 1943 snail
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Busycotypus canaliculatus Linnaeus 1758 whelk
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
"Anachis cf. avara" = Costoanachis avara
"Anachis cf. avara" = Costoanachis avara Say 1822 snail
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Olivella mutica Say 1822 olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Cystiscidae
Granulina ovuliformis d'Orbigny 1842 snail
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Prunum bellum margin shell
Prunum limatulum Conrad 1834 margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Eupleura caudata Say 1822 murex snail
Urosalpinx trossula murex snail
Urosalpinx perrugata Conrad 1846 murex snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Tornidae
Cochliolepis sp. Stimpson 1858 snail
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
"Balcis eborea" = Melanella eborea
"Balcis eborea" = Melanella eborea Conrad 1846 snail
 Cerithioidea - Turritellidae
Turritella sp. Lamarck 1799 turret shell
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium attenuatum Say 1824 tusk shell
Bivalvia
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
"Nucula proxima" = Nucula (Nucula) proxima
"Nucula proxima" = Nucula (Nucula) proxima Say 1820 Atlantic Nut Clam
 Nuculanida - Yoldiidae
Yoldia laevis Say 1824 clam
 Nuculanida - Nuculanidae
Nuculana acuta Conrad 1832 pointed nut clam
 Arcida - Noetiidae
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Glycymeris subovata" = Costaglycymeris subovata Say 1824 clam
Glycymeris americana Defrance 1826 clam
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
"Plicatula marginata" = Plicatula gibbosa
"Plicatula marginata" = Plicatula gibbosa Lamarck 1801 scallop
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Argopecten eboreus" = Carolinapecten eboreus
"Argopecten eboreus" = Carolinapecten eboreus Conrad 1833 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea sculpturata" = Conradostrea sculpturata
"Ostrea sculpturata" = Conradostrea sculpturata Conrad 1840 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Modiolus ducatellii Conrad 1840 mussel
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Stewartia anodonta Say 1824 clam
Cavilinga trisulcata Conrad 1841 clam
Parvilucina crenulata Conrad 1840 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
 Cardiida - Lasaeidae
Aligena striata Lea 1843 aligena
 Cardiida - Sportellidae
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Spisula solidissima" = Hemimactra solidissima
"Spisula solidissima" = Hemimactra solidissima Dilwyn 1817 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Mercenaria carolinensis" = Venus (Mercenaria) campechiensis carolinensis Conrad 1875 quahog
"Pitar sayana" = Pitar morrhuanus Dall 1902 venus clam
Gemma magna Dall 1903 venus clam
 Cardiida - Erycinidae
 Cardiida - Montacutidae
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
"Tellina agilis" = Angulus agilis
"Tellina agilis" = Angulus agilis Stimpson 1857 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Abra aequalis Say 1822 abra
Cumingia tellinoides Conrad 1831 clam
 Pandorida - Pandoridae
 Solenida - Pharidae
Ensis directus Conrad 1844 clam
[entered as Ensis directum]
 Carditida - Carditidae
Cyclocardia granulata Say 1824 clam
 Carditida - Astartidae
Astarte concentrica Conrad 1834 clam
Brachiopoda
  -
Brachiopoda indet. Cuvier 1805
Bryozoa
  -
Bryozoa indet. Ehrenberg 1831
Cirripedia
  -
Malacostraca
 Decapoda -
Decapoda indet. Latreille 1802 decapod
Crassatella undulata
  -
"Crassatella undulata" = Kalolophus antillarum
"Crassatella undulata" = Kalolophus antillarum Reeve 1842