Avenue Area B (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as TMM 43067

Where: Travis County, Texas (30.3° N, 98.3° W: paleocoordinates 30.3° N, 98.3° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• "The bones were encountered at a depth of eighteen feet" and there are radiocarbon dates on "organic material from the clay immediately surrounding the bones" of "17 220 +/- 1870"; "12 170 +/- 3060"; and "15 970 +/- 860"

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: mire or swamp; green claystone

• "the site was not a large pond or channel. A marsh seems more likely"
• "red-brown clay" and "grey-green clay"

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by E. Lundelius, A. Briggs, B. Bryant in 1985

Collection methods: bulk, salvage, quarrying, sieve,

• deposit was discovered during "excavations connected with the construction of the Temple-Inland Building" and "small bones were recovered by wet sieving matrix from area B using 1 mm screen"

Primary reference: E. L. Lundelius, Jr. 1992. The Avenue Local Fauna, Late Pleistocene vertebrates from terrace deposits at Austin, Texas. Annales Zoologici Fennici 28:329-340 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 93143: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 05.01.2010

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteus sp. Agassiz 1843 gar
 Salientia - Ranidae
 Caudata - Urodela
Urodela indet. salamander
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 turtle
 Squamata - Colubridae
Colubrinae indet. Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
Natricinae indet. Bonaparte 1838 colubrid snake
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Reithrodontomys sp. Giglioli 1874 harvest mouse
Neotoma sp. Say and Ord 1825 pack rat
Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Synaptomys cooperi Baird 1858 southern bog lemming
Microtus sp. Schrank 1798 vole
M. pinetorum or M. ochrogaster
Microtus pennsylvanicus Ord 1815 meadow vole
Peromyscus sp. Gloger 1841 deer mouse
Onychomys leucogaster Wied-Neuwied 1841 northern grasshopper mouse
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys cf. bursarius Shaw 1800 plains pocket gopher
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus sp. Gray 1867 cottontail rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Mephitidae
Spilogale sp. Gray 1865 skunk
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
"Glossotherium harlani" = Paramylodon harlani
"Glossotherium harlani" = Paramylodon harlani Owen 1840 Harlan's ground sloth
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828 mammoth
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus sp. Rafinesque 1832 New World deer