Re #1148 - Cantaure Formation: Burdigalian, Venezuela

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Chione (Lirophora) quirosensis Hodson 1927
Murex (Murex) recurvirostris (Broderip 1832)
Subspecies: M. (M.) recurvirostris quirosensis
    = Haustellum messorium Sowerby 1841
Hendy et al. 2008
Bivalvia - Arcida - Arcidae
Anadara (Scapharca) cf. spiekeri (Olsson 1932)
Anadara (Cunearca) inutilis Jung 1965
Anadara (Scapharca) aff. cornellana (Hodson et al. 1927)
recombined as Anadara (Rasia) cornellana
Anadara (Scapharca) tirantensis (Hodson et al. 1927)
recombined as Anadara (Rasia) tirantensis
Bivalvia - Cardiida - Veneridae
Pitar (Pitarella) paraguanensis (Hodson 1927)
Clementia (Clementia) dariena (Conrad 1855)
Cyclinella venezuelana Hodson 1927
synonym of Cyclinella cyclica
Bivalvia - Cardiida - Tellinidae
? Psammacoma cf. falconensis (Hodson and Hodson 1931)
synonym of Psammacoma gatunensis
Bivalvia - Cardiida - Cardiidae
Trigoniocardia hannai (Olsson 1932)
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Olividae
Oliva (Oliva) cf. cylindrica (Sowerby 1850)
original and current combination Oliva cylindrica
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Cymatophos cocoditoensis
Cymatophos paraguanensis (Hodson and Hodson 1931)
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Melongena melongena (Linnaeus 1758)
Subspecies: Melongena melongena consors
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Latirus cf. tumbeziensis
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Mitridae
Mitra (Tiara) quirosana
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Prunum (Prunum) quirosense (Hodson 1927)
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turbinellidae
Turbinella falconensis (Hodson 1931)
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Eupleura kugleri Jung 1965
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Drilliidae
Clathrodrillia puertocolombiana (Weisbord 1929)
Crassispira henekeni (Sowerby 1850)
recombined as Hindsiclava henekeni
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae
Knefastia kugleri
Fusiturricula jaquensis (Sowerby 1850)
Polystira barretti (Guppy 1866)
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus aristos
Conus talis Jung 1965
Conus aff. imitator Brown and Pilsbry 1911
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Terebridae
Terebra (Strioterebrum) informal sp. A (Sacco 1891)
original and current combination Strioterebrum
Terebra (Strioterebrum) informal sp. B (Sacco 1891)
original and current combination Strioterebrum
Terebra (Strioterebrum) ulloa Olsson 1932
recombined as Strioterebrum ulloa
Terebra (Paraterebra) sulcifera (Sowerby 1849)
Gastropoda - Ficidae
Ficus carbasea (Guppy 1866)
Subspecies: F. carbasea carbasea
Gastropoda - Naticidae
Natica (Naticarius) canrena (Linnaeus 1758)
recombined as Naticarius canrena
Subspecies: N. (N.) canrena antinacca
Neverita paraguanensis (Hodson 1927)
Gastropoda - Eocypraeidae
Marginocypraea wegeneri (Schilder 1939)
original and current combination Sphaerocypraea wegeneri
Gastropoda - Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella machapoorensis Maury 1925
Subspecies: T. machapoorensis wiedenmayeri
Turritella cocoditana (Hodson 1926)
Turritella matarucana Hodson 1926
Gastropoda - Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Rhinoclavis (Ochetoclava) venada
Gastropoda - Architectonicidae
Architectonica (Architectonica) nobilis (Röding 1798)
Subspecies: A. (A.) nobilis nobilis and nobilis karsteni
    = Architectonica kartseni
Landau and Marques da Silva 2010
Architectonica nobilis Röding 1798
Scaphopoda - Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium (Dentalium) bocasense Olsson 1922
see common names

Country:Venezuela State/province:Falcon
Coordinates: 11.9° North, 69.8° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:11.2° North, 66.6° West
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Geographic resolution:local area
Period:Neogene Epoch:Miocene
Stage:Burdigalian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 5
Key time interval:Burdigalian
Age range of interval:20.44000 - 15.97000 m.y. ago
Regional section:Paraguana
Stratigraphic resolution:group of beds
Stratigraphy comments: Clays, sandstone, and limestones of up to 75, thick, although no single section is completely exposed. Collection apparently derived from near middle part of that thickness. Overlies unconformably Cretaceous rocks and is conformably overlain by limestones on middle to upper Miocene. Jung (1965) regarded the collection as early Middle Miocene, though more recent authors, including Vermeij (2001) indicate an Early Miocene (Burdigalian) age. Formation formerly referred to as "Cerro Pelado".
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:micaceous,shelly/skeletal unlithified silty claystone
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: Clay, massive, micaceous, slightly silty, and locally containing abundant fossils.
Environment:coastal indet.
Geology comments: Tropical shallow-water assemblage, neritic, no deep-water genera present, normal salinity, perhaps nearby brackish source.
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Collection methods and comments
Collection excludes:all microfossils,some macrofossils,ichnofossils
Collection methods:selective quarrying,field collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Museum repositories:BMNH,NMB,PRI,USNM
Collection method comments: All material is reposited in the Natural History Museum (NMB), Basel, Switzerland, with some voucher specimens in the British Museum, PRI, and USNM.
Taxonomic list comments:Exhaustive for Bivalvia and Gastropoda. Balanus, corals, numerous otoliths, and Calianassa fragments are commonly found, though not listed.
Database number:60703
Authorizer:A. Hendy Enterer:A. Hendy
Modifier:A. Hendy Research group:marine invertebrate
Created:2006-05-20 23:40:49 Last modified:2013-11-25 13:37:23
Access level:the public Released:2006-05-20 23:40:49
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

17318. P. Jung. 1965. Miocene Mollusca from the Paraguana Peninsula, Venezuela. Bulletins of American Paleontology 49(223):389-652 [A. Miller/A. Hendy]

Secondary references:

19909 A. J. W. Hendy, D. P. Buick, K. V. Bulinski, C. A. Ferguson, and A. I. Miller. 2008. Unpublished census data from Atlantic coastal plain and circum-Caribbean Neogene assemblages and taxonomic opinions. [A. Hendy/A. Hendy/A. Hendy]
36423 B. Landau and C. Marques da Silva. 2010. Early Pliocene gastropods of Cubagua, Venezuela: Taxonomy, palaeobiogeography and ecostratigraphy. Palaeontos 19:1-221 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]