Re #1152 - Cantaure Formation: Burdigalian, Venezuela

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Bivalvia - Arcida - Arcidae
Anadara (Scapharca) tirantensis (Hodson et al. 1927)
recombined as Anadara (Rasia) tirantensis
Bivalvia - Arcida - Noetiidae
Noetia dauleana Marks 1951
Subspecies: N. dauleana paraguenensis
Bivalvia - Cardiida - Veneridae
Pitar (Pitarella) paraguanensis (Hodson 1927)
Clementia (Clementia) dariena (Conrad 1855)
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Melongena melongena (Linnaeus 1758)
Subspecies: M. melongena consors
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae
Knefastia kugleri
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus aristos
Conus talis Jung 1965
Conus aff. molis Brown and Pilsbry 1911
Conus aff. imitator Brown and Pilsbry 1911
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Terebridae
Terebra (Strioterebrum) ulloa Olsson 1932
recombined as Strioterebrum ulloa
Terebra (Paraterebra) inaequalis (Sowerby 1849)
Gastropoda - Eocypraeidae
Marginocypraea wegeneri (Schilder 1939)
original and current combination Sphaerocypraea wegeneri
Gastropoda - Bursidae
Bursa (Colubrellina) caelata (Broderip 1833)
Subspecies: B. (C.) caelata amphitrites
    = Bursa rugosa Sowerby 1835
Landau and Marques da Silva 2010
Gastropoda - Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella cocoditana (Hodson 1926)
Gastropoda - Pyramidellidae
Turbonilla falconensis
Gastropoda - Architectonicidae
Architectonica (Architectonica) nobilis (Röding 1798)
original and current combination Architectonica nobilis
Subspecies: A. (A.) nobilis nobilis
see common names

Country:Venezuela State/province:Falcon
Coordinates: 11.9° North, 69.8° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:11.2° North, 66.6° West
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Geographic resolution:local area
Period:Neogene Epoch:Miocene
Stage:Burdigalian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 5
Key time interval:Burdigalian
Age range of interval:20.44000 - 15.97000 m.y. ago
Regional section:Paraguana
Stratigraphic resolution:group of beds
Stratigraphy comments: Clays, sandstone, and limestones of up to 75, thick, although no single section is completely exposed. Collection apparently derived from near middle part of that thickness. Overlies unconformably Cretaceous rocks and is conformably overlain by limestones on middle to upper Miocene. Jung (1965) regarded the collection as early Middle Miocene, though more recent authors, including Vermeij (2001) indicate an Early Miocene (Burdigalian) age. Formation formerly referred to as "Cerro Pelado".
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:micaceous,shelly/skeletal unlithified silty claystone
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: Clay, massive, micaceous, slightly silty, and locally containing abundant fossils.
Environment:coastal indet.
Geology comments: Tropical shallow-water assemblage, neritic, no deep-water genera present, normal salinity, perhaps nearby brackish source.
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Collection methods and comments
Collection excludes:all microfossils,some macrofossils,ichnofossils
Collection methods:selective quarrying,field collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Museum repositories:BMNH,NMB,PRI,USNM
Collection method comments: All material is reposited in the Natural History Museum (NMB), Basel, Switzerland, with some voucher specimens in the British Museum, PRI, and USNM.
Taxonomic list comments:Exhaustive for Bivalvia and Gastropoda. Balanus, corals, numerous otoliths, and Calianassa fragments are commonly found, though not listed.
Database number:60705
Authorizer:A. Hendy Enterer:A. Hendy
Research group:marine invertebrate
Created:2006-05-20 23:41:37 Last modified:2013-11-25 13:37:23
Access level:the public Released:2006-05-20 23:41:37
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

17318. P. Jung. 1965. Miocene Mollusca from the Paraguana Peninsula, Venezuela. Bulletins of American Paleontology 49(223):389-652 [A. Miller/A. Hendy]

Secondary references:

36423 B. Landau and C. Marques da Silva. 2010. Early Pliocene gastropods of Cubagua, Venezuela: Taxonomy, palaeobiogeography and ecostratigraphy. Palaeontos 19:1-221 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]