Oeningen (von Breda collection) (Miocene of Germany)

Where: Baden-Württemberg, Germany (47.7° N, 8.9° E: paleocoordinates 47.9° N, 7.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: MN 7 mammal zone, Upper Oehningen beds Member (Upper Freshwater-Molasse Formation), Sarmatian (12.7 - 11.6 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified limestone

• "Rising into massive mountains, as in the well-known Righi and Rossberg, they attain a thickness of more than 6000 feet. While they include proofs of the presenceof the sea, they have preserved with marvellous perfection a large number of the plants which clothed the Alps, and of the insects which flitted through the woodlands. They form part of a great series of deposits which have been termed “Molasse” by the Swiss geologists...By far the larger portion of these strata is of lacustrine origin. They must have been formed in a large lake, the area of which probably underwent gradual subsidence during the period of deposition, until in Miocene times the sea once more overflowed the area. We may form some idea of the importance of the lake from the fact already stated, that the deposits formed in its waters are upwards of 6000 feet thick. Thanks to the untiring labours of Professor Heer, We know more of the vegetation of the mountains round that lake during Oligocene and Miocene time than we do of that of any other ancient geological period. " Geikie, 1882

•"...deposited in the Northern Alpine Foreland basin..." Uhl et al., 2006

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: mold/impression, adpression

Collected by Von Breda; reposited in the BMNH

• Heeralydus bucculatus in Teyler Museum

Primary reference: O. Heer. 1853. Die Insektenfauna der Tertiärgebilde von Oeningen und von Radoboj in Croatien. Dritte Theil: Rhynchoten 1-138 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 122872: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 06.01.2012, edited by Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Alydidae
Heeralydus bucculatus n. gen. n. sp.3
Heeralydus bucculatus n. gen. n. sp.3 Štys and Říha 1975 broad-headed bug
 Orthoptera - Tettigoniidae
Platycleis speciosa4 Heer 1865 katydid
BMNH In. 34931-933
 Odonata - Sieblosiidae
Germanostenolestes lutzi n. gen. n. sp.2
Germanostenolestes lutzi n. gen. n. sp.2 Nel and Fleck 2012 damselfly
NHM OR 59573
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Homopus scutella1 Meyer 1845 cape tortoise
BMNH 42886, slab with dorsal aspect of carapace