Bitterfeld amber (Hoffeins collection) (Eocene of Germany)

Also known as Saxonian amber

Where: Halle, Germany (51.6° N, 12.4° E: paleocoordinates 50.4° N, 8.0° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Priabonian (38.0 - 33.9 Ma)

• Bitterfeld amber occurs in the "Bernsteinschluff" Horizon, i.e. a part of the Upper "Bitterfelder Glimmersand" in the upper part of the Cottbus Formation. Detailed biostratigraphic investigations favor an uppermost Chattian age for the unit. Originally assigned a Miocene age, and then thought to be redeposited Baltic amber. The chemical composition of Bitterfeld amber is distinct from true Baltic amber (e.g., Sodhi et al., 2013). Hydrogen isotopes indicate that Baltic and Bitterfeld ambers have distinct geographic sources, but carbon isotopes and insects suggest Baltic and Bitterfeld ambers are coeval in age (Wolfe et al., 2016).

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; amber

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: soft parts, original chitin, amber

Collected by C. Hoffeins, H.W. Hoffeins

• Will be deposited in the collection of the Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Eberswalde, Germany (DEI).

Primary reference: R. Wagner, C. Hoffeins, and H. W. Hoffeins. 2000. A fossil nymphomyiid (Diptera) from the Baltic and Bitterfield amber. Systematic Entomology 25:115-120 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 124273: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 10.02.2012, edited by Arram Noshirvan

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Arachnida
 Acariformes - Smarididae
Fessonia wunderlichi5 Bartel et al. 2015 mite
Hoffeins 385-3
 Araneae - Theridiidae
Theridiidae indet.30 Sundevall 1833 cobweb spider
801b
 Araneae - Cyatholipidae
Spinilipus bispinosus31 Wunderlich 2004 spider
No. 680
 Araneae - Uloboridae
? Hyptiomopes sp.30 Wunderlich 2004 hackled orb-weaver
801a
 Araneae - Dictynidae
Balticocryphoeca curvitarsis32 Wunderlich 2004 spider
No. 949
Insecta
 Diptera - Nymphomyiidae
Nymphomyia succina n. sp. Wagner et al. 2000 fly
Hoffeins 381/2
 Diptera - Phoridae
Aenigmatias longicornis n. sp.6 Brown 2016 scuttle fly
Hoffeins 254/3
 Diptera - Anthomyzidae
Lacrimyza christelae n. sp.22 Roháček 2013 fly
830-5 (collected at Goitzsche mine 1998)
Protanthomyza tschirnhausi n. sp.22 Roháček 2013 fly
829-8 (collected at Goitzsche mine 2010), 830-7 (purch. 2010)
 Diptera - Pseudopomyzidae
Eopseudopomyza szasziewskii13 Hoffeins and Woźnica 2013 fly
Hoffeins 670-3
 Diptera - Empididae
Heleodromia starki n. sp.12 Hoffeins et al. 1997 dagger fly
Hoffeins 707 (Goitsche pit)
 Diptera - Keroplatidae
Antlemon sp.11 Loew 1871 predatory fungus gnat
CCHH 1700-1 (Goitszche mine)
 Diptera - Anisopodidae
Sylvicola hoffeinsorum29 Wojtoń et al. 2018 wood gnat
SDEI 664-2
Sylvicola splendida29 Meunier 1904 wood gnat
SDEI 664-1
 Coleoptera - Dermestidae
Attagenus balticus9 Háva et al. 2008 skin beetle
Hoffeins 115-1
 Coleoptera - Cryptophagidae
Atomaria (Anchicera) saxonica n. sp.20 Lyubarsky and Perkovsky 2018 silken fungus beetle
CCHH 1223-4
 Coleoptera - Cyclaxyridae
"Neolitochropus bedovoyi" = Neolitochropus bedovoyi8, "Neolitochropus hoffeinsorum n. gen. n. sp." = Neolitochropus bedovoyi17
"Neolitochropus bedovoyi" = Neolitochropus bedovoyi8 Lyubarsky and Perkovsky 2011 beetle
CCHH 504-17
"Neolitochropus hoffeinsorum n. gen. n. sp." = Neolitochropus bedovoyi17 Lyubarsky and Perkovsky 2011 beetle
CCHH 1206-1
 Coleoptera - Aderidae
Palaeocnopus saeticornis n. sp.3 Alekseev and Grzymala 2015 beetle
Hoffeins 890-3, 1049-2
Palaeocnopus mara n. sp.3 Alekseev and Grzymala 2015 beetle
Hoffeins 890-1, 609-3
Palaeocnopus glabricornis n. sp.3 Alekseev and Grzymala 2015 beetle
Hoffeins 890-2
Palaeocnopus densipunctatus3 Alekseev and Grzymala 2015 beetle
Hoffeins 25-4
 Coleoptera - Zopheridae
? Bitoma sp.2 Herbst 1793 ironclad beetle
CCHH 181-3
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
Crepidodera decolorata7 Nadein and Perkovsky 2010 flea beetle
CCHH 337-3
 Coleoptera - Nitidulidae
Microsoronia hoffeinsorum n. sp.14 Kirejtshuk and Kurochkin 2010 sap beetle
DEI 276-2 1
 Coleoptera - Anamorphidae
Kleinzaches germanicianus n. gen. n. sp.4
Kleinzaches germanicianus n. gen. n. sp.4 Alekseev and Tomaszewska 2018 beetle
CCHH 181-1
 Coleoptera - Coccinellidae
Baltosidis sp.28 Szawaryn 2021 ladybird beetle
CCHH 743-1
 Coleoptera - Endomychidae
Trochoideus resinatissimus n. sp.4 Alekseev and Tomaszewska 2018 handsome fungus beetle
CCHH 53-2
 Coleoptera - Erotylidae
Microzavaljus saxonicum n. gen. n. sp.19, Triplax contienensis n. sp.1, Serramorphus rasnitsyni n. gen. n. sp.18
Microzavaljus saxonicum n. gen. n. sp.19 Lyubarsky and Perkovsky 2018 pleasing fungus beetle
Hoffeins 1223-1
Triplax contienensis n. sp.1 Alekseev 2014 pleasing fungus beetle
Hoffeins 1650-4
Serramorphus rasnitsyni n. gen. n. sp.18 Lyubarsky and Perkovsky 2017 pleasing fungus beetle
CCHH 26-4
 Mecoptera - Bittacidae
Hylobittacus picteti n. sp.16 Krzemiński 2007 hangingfly
DEIM 674/1
 Lepidoptera - Micropterigidae
Wichardius fossiliphilus21 Mey 2019 moth
CCHH 1420/3
 Thysanoptera - Phlaeothripidae
Cephenothrips propelaticeps n. sp.27 Schliephake 2005 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/4
Necrothrips major n. sp.25 Schliephake 2000 thrips
Hoffeins 1244/1
Prohaplothrips iunctostylosus n. gen. n. sp.25 Schliephake 2000 thrips
Hoffeins 1244/2
 Thysanoptera - Thripidae
Protoxythrips conclusus27, Protoxythrips stenurus27, Protoxythrips ursulae26, Incertothrips hoffeinsorum n. gen. n. sp.25, Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) goitschei n. sp.24, "Taeniothrips usedomi" = Taeniothrips (Balticothrips) usedomi27, "Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) amphoroideus" = Taeniothrips balticus24, "Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) saxonicus n. sp." = Taeniothrips balticus24, Frankliniella intonsoidea n. sp.24, Eochirothrips mirocornis n. gen. n. sp.24, Protanaphothrips minoricornis27, Anaphothrips fuscicaudeus27, "Archaeothrips hoffeinsi n. sp." = Gerontothrips latipennis23
Protoxythrips conclusus27 Priesner 1929 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/5
Protoxythrips stenurus27 Schliephake 1993 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/3
Protoxythrips ursulae26 Schliephake 1993 thrips
Hoffeins 1368/2; 1477/6 in Schliephake, 2005
Incertothrips hoffeinsorum n. gen. n. sp.25 Schliephake 2000 thrips
Hoffeins 1294
Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) goitschei n. sp.24 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 576/2
"Taeniothrips usedomi" = Taeniothrips (Balticothrips) usedomi27 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/1
"Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) amphoroideus" = Taeniothrips balticus24 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 272/1
"Taeniothrips (Saxonothrips) saxonicus n. sp." = Taeniothrips balticus24 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 576/2
Frankliniella intonsoidea n. sp.24 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 576/1
Eochirothrips mirocornis n. gen. n. sp.24 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 272/2
Protanaphothrips minoricornis27 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/2
Anaphothrips fuscicaudeus27 Schliephake 1993 thrips
Hoffeins 1477/7
"Archaeothrips hoffeinsi n. sp." = Gerontothrips latipennis23 Priesner 1924 thrips
Hoffeins 704
 Thysanoptera - Stenurothripidae
Stenurothrips brachycerus n. sp.24 Schliephake 1999 thrips
Nr. 750/1
 Thysanoptera - Melanthripidae
"Eocranothrips leptocerus n. sp." = Eocranothrips annulicornis24, Archankothrips hoffeinsianus n. sp.25
"Eocranothrips leptocerus n. sp." = Eocranothrips annulicornis24 Bagnall 1923 thrips
Nr. 576/3
Archankothrips hoffeinsianus n. sp.25 Schliephake 2000 thrips
Hoffeins 1244/3
 Hemiptera - Aradidae
Calisius balticus10 Usinger 1941 flat bug
Hoffeins 844/1, 2565
 Hemiptera - Lithuanicoccidae
Lithuanicoccus damzeni15 Koteja 2008 scale insect
Hoffeins 1248-1
 Hemiptera - Kuwaniidae
Hoffeinsia foldii15 Koteja 2008 scale insect
Hoffeins 1249-1, 0796-1, 0796-2, 0807-3