Rott (Bauckhorn coll) (Oligocene of Germany)

Where: Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany (50.7° N, 7.3° E: paleocoordinates 50.6° N, 4.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: MP 30 (28.4 - 23.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified, fine-grained, brown lignite

• According to the reconstruction of the sedimentation history. the limnic sediments of the Rott Fonnation were deposited in a single, relatively small and shallow lake (Mors, 1995). This lake was at least 3 km in diameter, and was encircled by a large accretion zone, which passed into an alluvial forest. Many small rivulets are expected to have flown into the Rott Lake, but no large river could be evidenced (MOn, 1995). The estimated mean aunual temperature (MAT) in this area at the accumulation time of lake sediments was17.5±1.2°C, based on the leaf margin analysis (Winterscheid, 2006).
• "fine layered brown coal" also called "lignites": figure of specimen indicates complete lithification

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: adpression

Collection methods: Repository: Heimatmuseum, Siegburg an der Lahn, Germany (at least for Apis oligocenica)

Primary reference: F. Meunier. 1914. Quelques nouveaux Diptères des lignites de Rott, Siebengebirge (Allemagne). Annales de la Société Scientifique de Bruxelles 38:183-184 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 138696: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 25.01.2013

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Diptera - Psychodidae
Pericoma minuta n. sp.5 Meunier 1919 moth fly
 Diptera - Bombyliidae
"Systropus rottensis n. sp." = Systropus (Systropus) rottensis4
"Systropus rottensis n. sp." = Systropus (Systropus) rottensis4 Meunier 1917 bee fly
 Diptera - Phoridae
Phora sp.8 Latreille 1796 scuttle fly
 Diptera - Heleomyzidae
"Heleomyza bankhornia n. sp." = Heleomyza bauckhorni
"Heleomyza bankhornia n. sp." = Heleomyza bauckhorni Meunier 1914 fly
 Diptera - Anthomyiidae
? Anthomyia sp.2 Meigen 1803 fly
 Diptera - Dolichopodidae
"Gymnopternus bankhornius n. sp." = Hercostomus bauckhorni
"Gymnopternus bankhornius n. sp." = Hercostomus bauckhorni Meunier 1914 long-legged fly
 Diptera - Empididae
Empis melia6 von Heyden 1870 dagger fly
 Diptera - Sciaridae
Sciara janassa4 von Heyden 1870 dark-winged fungus gnat
Sciara heydeni n. sp.4 Meunier 1917 dark-winged fungus gnat
 Diptera - Mycetophilidae
"Syntemna sepulta n. sp." = Dziedzickia sepulta4, Boletina sp.5, "Boletina philhydra" = Boletina philyra6, "Lasiosoma minutissima n. sp." = Sciophila minutissima2, "Neoglaphyroptera vetusta n. sp." = Leia vetusta5, Brachypeza graciosa n. sp.4
"Syntemna sepulta n. sp." = Dziedzickia sepulta4 Meunier 1917 fungus gnat
Boletina sp.5 Staeger 1840 fungus gnat
"Boletina philhydra" = Boletina philyra6 von Heyden 1870 fungus gnat
"Lasiosoma minutissima n. sp." = Sciophila minutissima2 Meunier 1915 fungus gnat
"Neoglaphyroptera vetusta n. sp." = Leia vetusta5 Meunier 1919 fungus gnat
Brachypeza graciosa n. sp.4 Meunier 1917 fungus gnat
 Diptera - Bibionidae
"Protomyia elegantula n. sp." = Hesperinus heeri3, "Plecia (Bibiopsis) carbonum" = Penthetria carbonum10, Bibio janus2, "Bibio germari n. sp." = Bibio germari6, "Bibio heydeni n. sp." = Bibio germari6, "Bibio infumatus n. sp." = Bibio mimas2, "Protomyia hypogaea" = Plecia hypogaea4, "Protomyia antenata" = Plecia hypogaea4, "Protomyia elongata" = Plecia hypogaea5, "Plecia pulchella n. sp." = Plecia hypogaea2, "Protomyia expositia" = Plecia hypogaea5, "Plecia superba n. sp." = Plecia collossea, "Protomyia veterana" = Plecia stygia6, "Bibio brachypteroides n. sp." = Plecia pinguis2, "Protomyia sluiteri n. sp." = Plecia sluiteri4
"Protomyia elegantula n. sp." = Hesperinus heeri3 von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 march fly
"Plecia (Bibiopsis) carbonum" = Penthetria carbonum10 von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 march fly
Bibio janus2 von Heyden 1870 march fly
"Bibio germari n. sp." = Bibio germari6 Meunier 1920 march fly
"Bibio heydeni n. sp." = Bibio germari6 Meunier 1920 march fly
"Bibio infumatus n. sp." = Bibio mimas2 von Heyden 1870 march fly
"Protomyia hypogaea" = Plecia hypogaea4 von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
"Protomyia antenata" = Plecia hypogaea4 von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
"Protomyia elongata" = Plecia hypogaea5 von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
"Plecia pulchella n. sp." = Plecia hypogaea2 von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
"Protomyia expositia" = Plecia hypogaea5 von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
"Plecia superba n. sp." = Plecia collossea von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
"Protomyia veterana" = Plecia stygia6 von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
"Bibio brachypteroides n. sp." = Plecia pinguis2 von Heyden and von Heyden 1865 love bug
"Protomyia sluiteri n. sp." = Plecia sluiteri4 Meunier 1917 love bug
 Diptera - Culicidae
"Culicites ceyx" = Neoculicites ceyx3
"Culicites ceyx" = Neoculicites ceyx3 von Heyden 1870 mosquito
 Diptera - Ceratopogonidae
"Tetragoneura veterana n. sp." = Stilobezzia (Acanthohelea) veterana7
"Tetragoneura veterana n. sp." = Stilobezzia (Acanthohelea) veterana7 Meunier 1920 biting midge
 Diptera - Trichoceridae
"Cladoneura scudderi n. sp." = Trichocera scudderi3
"Cladoneura scudderi n. sp." = Trichocera scudderi3 Meunier 1915 winter crane fly
 Diptera - Tipulidae
? Tipula sp.4 Linnaeus 1758 crane fly
 Diptera - Limoniidae
Cyttaromyella bastini n. gen. n. sp.3 Meunier 1915 crane fly
Limnophila rhenana n. sp.9 Meunier 1923 crane fly
Erioptera oligocaenica n. sp.8 Meunier 1922 crane fly
 Blattodea -
Ulmeriella bauckhorni n. gen. n. sp.6
Ulmeriella bauckhorni n. gen. n. sp.6 Meunier 1920 termite
 Hemiptera - Rhyparochromidae
Pachymerus antiquus7 Von Heyden 1859 seed bug
 Hemiptera -
Lygaeites mysteriosus n. sp.5 Meunier 1919 shore bug
 Hemiptera - Cicadellidae
"Agallia sepulta n. sp." = Oncopsis sepultus7, Tettigonia maculata n. sp.10
"Agallia sepulta n. sp." = Oncopsis sepultus7 Meunier 1920 leafhopper
Tettigonia maculata n. sp.10 Meunier 1923 leafhopper
 Hemiptera - Aphididae
"Schizoneura patchi n. sp." = Eriosoma meunieri4
"Schizoneura patchi n. sp." = Eriosoma meunieri4 Heie 1969 aphid
 Hymenoptera - Tenthredinidae
"Tenthredo fasciata n. sp." = Tenthredo meunieri8, "Dolerus oligocaenicus n. sp." = Empria oligocaenica10
"Tenthredo fasciata n. sp." = Tenthredo meunieri8 Taeger et al. 2009 wood wasp
"Dolerus oligocaenicus n. sp." = Empria oligocaenica10 Meunier 1923 wood wasp
 Hymenoptera - Xyelidae
"Pinicolites graciosus n. gen. n. sp." = Xyela (Pinicolites) graciosa7
"Pinicolites graciosus n. gen. n. sp." = Xyela (Pinicolites) graciosa7 Meunier 1920 sawfly
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
"Myrmica archaica n. sp." = Aphaenogaster archaica2, "Myrmica" sp.2, "Formica" sp.2, Formica bauckhorni n. sp.2, Andrena tertiaria n. sp.6, "Tapinoma" sp.2, "Ponera rhenana n. sp." = Poneropsis rhenana4, Ponera elegantissima n. sp.8
"Myrmica archaica n. sp." = Aphaenogaster archaica2 Meunier 1915 ant
"Myrmica" sp.2 Latreille 1804 ant
"Formica" sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 ant
Formica bauckhorni n. sp.2 Meunier 1915 ant
Andrena tertiaria n. sp.6 Meunier 1920 ant
"Tapinoma" sp.2 Forster 1850 ant
"Ponera rhenana n. sp." = Poneropsis rhenana4 Meunier 1917 ant
Ponera elegantissima n. sp.8 Meunier 1922 ant
 Hymenoptera - Apidae
"Apis oligocenica n. sp." = Apis (Synapis) henshawi2
"Apis oligocenica n. sp." = Apis (Synapis) henshawi2 Cockerell 1907 Henshaw's honey bee
 Hymenoptera - Megachilidae
"Eucera mortua n. sp." = Anthidium mortuum6
"Eucera mortua n. sp." = Anthidium mortuum6 Meunier 1920 mason bee
 Hymenoptera - Crabronidae
Nysson rottensis n. sp.2 Meunier 1915 apoid wasp
 Hymenoptera -
Archaebelyta superba n. gen. n. sp.10
Archaebelyta superba n. gen. n. sp.10 Meunier 1923 wasp
 Hymenoptera - Proctotrupidae
"Proctotrypites rottensis n. gen. n. sp." = Proctotrupes rottensis5
"Proctotrypites rottensis n. gen. n. sp." = Proctotrupes rottensis5 Meunier 1919 wasp
 Hymenoptera - Braconidae
Bracon rottensis6 Meunier 1915 wasp
Bracon rottensis n. sp.3 Meunier 1915 wasp
 Hymenoptera - Ichneumonidae
Pimpla morleyi n. sp.9 Meunier 1923 ichneumon wasp
Cryptus sepultus n. sp.6 Meunier 1920 ichneumon wasp
 Trichoptera - Phryganeidae
"Phryganidae indet." = Phryganeidae7, Phryganea elegantula n. sp.5
"Phryganidae indet." = Phryganeidae7 Leach 1815 large caddisfly
Phryganea elegantula n. sp.5 Meunier 1919 large caddisfly
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
Luperus fossilis10 von Schlechtendal 1894 leaf beetle
Galerucella serrata n. sp.5 Meunier 1919 leaf beetle
Lina wetteravica5 von Heyden 1862 leaf beetle
 Coleoptera - Attelabidae
Rhynchites hageni7, "Rhynchites heydeni" = Germanocartus heydeni3
Rhynchites hageni7 von Heyden and von Heyden 1866 tooth-nosed snout weevil
"Rhynchites heydeni" = Germanocartus heydeni3 von Schlechtendal 1894 leaf rolling weevil
 Coleoptera - Curculionidae
Cossonus robustus n. sp.3 Meunier 1915 snout beetle
Laccopygus rhenanus n. sp.9 Meunier 1923 snout beetle
 Coleoptera - Nitidulidae
Nitidula robusta n. sp.1 Meunier 1922 sap beetle
 Coleoptera - Scarabaeidae
Anomala tumulata6 von Heyden and von Heyden 1866 scarab beetle
 Coleoptera - Staphylinidae
Stenus seribai6 von Heyden and von Heyden 1866 rove beetle
 Coleoptera - Cantharidae
"Telephorus carbonarius" = Cantharis (Cantharis) carbonaria3
"Telephorus carbonarius" = Cantharis (Cantharis) carbonaria3 von Heyden and von Heyden 1866 soldier beetle
 Coleoptera - Buprestidae
Sphenoptera minuta n. sp.3 Meunier 1915 metallic wood-boring beetle
 Odonata - Libellulidae
"Libellula cellulosa" = Palaeotramea cellulosa4
"Libellula cellulosa" = Palaeotramea cellulosa4 Hagen 1863 common skimmer