Cowdenbeath Amphibian Bonebed (Carboniferous of the United Kingdom)

Also known as ETE Locality 1605; Dora Opencast Coal Site

Where: England, United Kingdom (56.1° N, 3.3° W: paleocoordinates 0.9° N, 5.1° E)

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Limestone Coal Group, Pendleian (326.4 - 318.1 Ma)

• ETE dating method: time_unit, ETE age comment: . radiometric intage_min

•"lower Namurian A... 62 m beneath the base of the Index Limestone [which is]... at the junction between the top of the Pendleian (E1) and the base of the Arnsbergian (E2) stages": originally entered as Namurian to Bashkirian

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; siltstone

• ETE rock type adj: "rooty,muddy", ETE lithology comments: 0

•"a localised patch in a seatrock (rooty, muddy siltstone)"

Size class: macrofossils

Collected in 1974 and 1975

• ETE Size: .; ETE reference list: 478, 479, 483, 482, 485, 454, 81, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: S. M. Andrews, M.A.E. Browne, A.L. Panchen and S.P. Wood. 1977. Discovery of amphibians in the Namurian (Upper Carboniferous of Fife). Nature 265:529-532 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 22726: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 29.05.2001, edited by John Alroy and Emma Dunne

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Ichthyotomi - Gyracanthidae
Gyracanthus sp. Agassiz 1837 shark
 Teleostomi -
Crossopterygii indet. Huxley 1861 bony fish
ETE occurrence; species: Crossopterygii
Actinopterygii indet. ray-finned fish
ETE occurrence; species: Actinopterygii
 Dipnoi -
Dipnoi indet. Müller 1884 lungfish
ETE occurrence; species: Dipnoi
 Temnospondyli -
 Tetrapoda -
Doragnathus sp.3 Smithson 1980 tetrapod
Doragnathus woodi n. gen. n. sp.2 Smithson 1980 tetrapod
NUZ 77.5.26 (holotype, incomplete left ramus of lower jaw)
 Tetrapoda - Colosteidae
cf. Colosteidae indet. Cope 1875 tetrapod
"probably" this family
 Tetrapoda -
Anthracosauria indet. Säve-Söderbergh 1934 tetrapod
"crocodile-like": ETE occurrence; species: Anthracosauria
 Tetrapoda - Eoherpetontidae
Eoherpeton watsoni Panchen 1975 tetrapod
 Baphetoidea - Spathicephalidae
Spathicephalus mirus Watson 1929 tetrapod
ETE occurrence; species: Temnospondyli
 Lepospondyli -
Lepospondyli indet. tetrapod
ETE occurrence; species: Lepospondyli
 Tetrapoda - Crassigyrinidae
Crassigyrinus scoticus1 Watson 1929 tetrapod