Azzarola, Central Lombardy, Italy (Triassic of Italy)

Where: Lombardy, Italy (45.9° N, 9.4° E: paleocoordinates 30.8° N, 13.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Calcare di Zu Formation, Rhaetian (208.5 - 201.3 Ma)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified reef rocks

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: mechanical

Primary reference: N. Fantini Sestini and E. Motta. 1984. I Coralli del Calcare di Zu (Triassico Superiore) della Lombardia (Italia). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 89(3):343-376 [W. Kiessling/B. Brenneis/B. Brenneis]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 38083: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Benjamin Brenneis on 10.04.2004, edited by Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Terebratulidae
 Terebratulida - Angustothyrididae
"Terebratula gregaria" = Rhaetina gregaria2, "Terebratula pyriformis" = Rhaetina pyriformis2
"Terebratula gregaria" = Rhaetina gregaria2 Suess 1854
"Terebratula pyriformis" = Rhaetina pyriformis2 Suess 1854
 Spiriferinida - Spondylospiridae
"Spirifer muensteri" = Zugmayerella uncinata2
"Spirifer muensteri" = Zugmayerella uncinata2 Schafhautl 1851
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca azzarolae n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 ark
Arca cultrata2 Stoppani 1857 ark
Arca ? imperialis2 Roemer 1836 ark
 Myalinida - Mysidiellidae
"Corbis ? aequilateralis" = Mysidia aequilateralis2
"Corbis ? aequilateralis" = Mysidia aequilateralis2 Stoppani 1857 clam
 Myalinida - Inoceramidae
"Lima acuta" = Inoceramus acutus2
"Lima acuta" = Inoceramus acutus2 Stoppani 1857 clam
 Pectinida - Dimyidae
"Plicatula intusstriata" = Atreta intusstriata2
"Plicatula intusstriata" = Atreta intusstriata2 Emmrich 1853 scallop
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Pecten sp.2 Müller 1776 scallop
Pecten winkleri2 Stoppani 1865 scallop
Pecten azzarolae n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 scallop
Pecten punctatus n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 scallop
Pecten massalongi n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 scallop
Pecten falgeri2 Merian 1853 scallop
Pecten aviculoides n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
"Lima punctata" = Plagiostoma punctata2, Lima sp.2, Lima azzarolae n. sp.2, Lima subdupla2, Lima oliva n. sp.2, Lima discus n. sp.2
"Lima punctata" = Plagiostoma punctata2 Sowerby 1818 file clam
Lima sp.2 Bruguière 1797 file clam
Lima azzarolae n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 file clam
Lima subdupla2 Stoppani 1865 file clam
Lima oliva n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 file clam
Lima discus n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 file clam
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
Plicatula leucensis2 Stoppani 1865 scallop
Plicatula hettangiensis2 Terquem 1857 scallop
Plicatula papiracea n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
"Ostrea costulata" = Anomia costulata2
"Ostrea costulata" = Anomia costulata2 Roemer 1839 jingle
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 oyster
Ostrea hinnites n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 oyster
Ostrea nodosa2 Goldfuss 1835 oyster
Ostrea conica n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 oyster
 Ostreida - Palaeolophidae
"Ostrea ascendens" = Actinostreon gregareum2, "Ostrea palmetta" = Actinostreon gregareum2, "Ostrea ? marshii" = Actinostreon marshi2
"Ostrea ascendens" = Actinostreon gregareum2 Sowerby 1816 oyster
"Ostrea palmetta" = Actinostreon gregareum2 Sowerby 1816 oyster
"Ostrea ? marshii" = Actinostreon marshi2 Sowerby 1814 oyster
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Avicula sp.2, Avicula azzarola n. sp.2, Avicula gregaria2, "Pecten janiriformis" = Avicula janiriformis2, "Avicula contorta" = Rhaetavicula contorta2, "Avicula inaequiradiata" = Rhaetavicula contorta2
Avicula sp.2 Bruguière 1791 pearl oyster
Avicula azzarola n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 pearl oyster
Avicula gregaria2 Stoppani 1865 pearl oyster
"Pecten janiriformis" = Avicula janiriformis2 Stoppani 1857 pearl oyster
"Avicula contorta" = Rhaetavicula contorta2 Portlock 1843 pearl oyster
"Avicula inaequiradiata" = Rhaetavicula contorta2 Portlock 1843 pearl oyster
 Ostreida - Bakevelliidae
Gervillia inflata2 Schafhaeutl 1851 oyster
 Ostreida - Pinnidae
"Pinna miliaria" = Pinna (Pinna) miliaria2 Stoppani 1857 oyster
Pinna ? hartmanni2 Zieten 1830 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
"Mytilus schafhaeutli" = Inoperna (Triasoperna) schafhaeutli2 Stur 1851 mussel
Mytilus ? rugosus2 Roemer 1836 mussel
Mytilus psilonoti2 Quenstedt 1857 mussel
 Carditida - Astartidae
Opis bifrons2 Stoppani 1857 clam
Opis barnensis2 Stoppani 1865 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Cardita aspera" = Carditamera aspera2
"Cardita aspera" = Carditamera aspera2 Lamarck 1805 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
Corbula azzarolae n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 clam
 Cardiida - Arcticidae
"Cyprina ? sp." = Arctica2, Cyprina lens n. sp.2
"Cyprina ? sp." = Arctica2 Schumacher 1817 clam
Cyprina lens n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 clam
 Cardiida - Glossidae
Isocardia parvula2 Roemer 1835 clam
Isocardia azzarolae n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Corbis depressa" = Venus depressa2
"Corbis depressa" = Venus depressa2 Roemer 1836 venus clam
 Cardiida - Palaeocarditidae
"Cardita austriaca" = Palaeocardita austriaca2
"Cardita austriaca" = Palaeocardita austriaca2 Hauer 1853 clam
 Cardiida - Donacidae
"Mactra securiformis" = Donax securiformis2
"Mactra securiformis" = Donax securiformis2 Dunker 1846 clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Cardium sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 cockle
Cardium cucullatum2 Goldfuss 1839 cockle
Cardium rhynchonelloides n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 cockle
Cardium nuculoides n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 cockle
Cardium regazzoni n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 cockle
Cardium pentagonum2 Stoppani 1857 cockle
"Cardium philippianum" = Protocardia philippiana2 Dunker 1847 cockle
 Pholadomyida - Pholadomyidae
"Cardita lorica" = Pholadomya lorica2, Pholadomya lagenalis2, Pholadomya margaritata2, "Cardita munita" = Pholadomya munita2, "Pholadomya lariana n. sp." = Homomya lariana2
"Cardita lorica" = Pholadomya lorica2 Stoppani 1857 clam
Pholadomya lagenalis2 Schafhaeutl 1852 clam
Pholadomya margaritata2 Stoppani 1857 clam
"Cardita munita" = Pholadomya munita2 Stoppani 1857 clam
"Pholadomya lariana n. sp." = Homomya lariana2 Stoppani 1857 clam
 Trigoniida - Myophoriidae
Myophoria inflata2 Emmrich 1853 clam
Myophoria liasica2 Stoppani 1857 clam
 Trigoniida - Trigoniidae
Trigonia azzarolae n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 clam
 Trigoniida - Trigonodidae
"Lithophagus ? faba" = Myacites faba2
"Lithophagus ? faba" = Myacites faba2 Winkler 1859 clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula hausmanni2 Roemer 1836 nut clam
Nucula oppeliana2 Stoppani 1865 nut clam
Gastropoda
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Neritopsis tuba" = Naticella tuba2
"Neritopsis tuba" = Naticella tuba2 Schafhaeutl 1854 moon snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Cerithium sp.2 Bruguière 1789 cerith snail
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
Chemnitzia sp.2 d'Orbigny 1840 snail
Chemnitzia quenstedti2 Stoppani 1857 snail
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
Turbo sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Pleurotomariida - Trochotomidae
Ditremaria praecursor2 Stoppani 1857 snail
 Pleurotomariida - Pleurotomariidae
Pleurotomaria ? turbo2 Stoppani 1857 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Trochus sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 top snail
Trochus rapidus2 Stoppani 1857 top snail
Stenolaemata
 Cyclostomata - Diastoporidae
Diastopora infraliasica n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865
 Cyclostomata - Frondiporidae
Defrancia azzarolae n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865
Reptilia
  -
Reptilia indet.2 Laurenti 1768 reptile
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydidae indet.2 Rafinesque 1815 turtle
Echinoidea
  -
Cidaris spinachristi2 Stoppani 1857 sea urchin
Cidaris alternata2 Stoppani 1857 sea urchin
 Cidaroida - Cidaridae
Cidaris fumagalli2 Stoppani 1865 pencil urchin
Cidaris cornaliae2 Stoppani 1857 pencil urchin
Cidaris omboni2 Stoppani 1857 pencil urchin
Cidaris curioni2 Stoppani 1857 pencil urchin
  -
"Hypodiadema obliquelineata" = Hemicidaris obliquelineata2, Cidaris lanceata2, Cidaris caudex n. sp.2, Cidaris verticillata2, "Hypodiadema gracilis" = Hemicidaris gracilis2
"Hypodiadema obliquelineata" = Hemicidaris obliquelineata2 Stoppani 1857 sea urchin
Cidaris lanceata2 Stoppani 1857 sea urchin
Cidaris caudex n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 sea urchin
Cidaris verticillata2 Stoppani 1857 sea urchin
"Hypodiadema gracilis" = Hemicidaris gracilis2 Stoppani 1857 sea urchin
Crinoidea
  -
Pentacrinus sp.2 Miller 1821 Sea lily
Bactryllium striolatum
  -
Calcarea
 Calcaronea - Stellispongiidae
Eudea grandi n. sp.2, Eudea cupani n. sp.2
Eudea grandi n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 calcareous sponge
Eudea cupani n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 calcareous sponge
Anthozoa
 Stauriida - Cyathophyllidae
Cyathophyllum cocchi2 Stoppani 1865 horn coral
  -
Pyxidophyllum edwardsii n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865
 Scleractinia - Stylinidae
Stylina capellini n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
Stylina savi n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Thamnasteriidae
Thamnastraea escheri n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
Thamnastraea batarrae n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Astraeomorphidae
Astraeomorpha crassisepta Reuss 1854 stony coral
 Scleractinia -
Lepiconus bassi2 Stoppani 1857 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Reimaniphylliidae
Retiophyllia buonamicii stony coral
"Thecosmilia" buonamicii
Retiophyllia langobardica Stoppani 1857 stony coral
Retiophyllia sellae Stoppani 1865 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Actinastreidae
Chondrocoenia schafhaeutli1 Winckler 1861 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Montlivaltiidae
Thecosmilia sp.2 Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Thecosmilia lancisii n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
Thecosmilia buonamici n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
Rhabdophyllia bartalini n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
Isastraea azzarolae n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
Isastraea bastiani n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Pamiroseriidae
"Thamnastraea meriani n. sp." = Pamiroseris meriani2
"Thamnastraea meriani n. sp." = Pamiroseris meriani2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Stylophyllidae
Stylophyllopsis lindstroemi1 Frech 1890 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae
Trochocyathus cermelli n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865 stony coral
Cnemidium
  -
Cnemidium monti n. sp.2 Stoppani 1865
Cupulospongia
  -
? Cupulospongia sp.2 d'Orbigny 1849