Shilihe River (locality 64008), Niujiakou, Lantian, Shaanxi (Miocene of China)

Where: shaanxi, China (34.3° N, 109.3° E: paleocoordinates 34.2° N, 107.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Lengshuigou Formation, Serravallian (13.8 - 11.6 Ma)

• Originally dated to Middle Miocene (Chow, 1978, Chiu et al. 1979), now MN7, Astaracian, Tunggurian.

•The Formation comprises grey-yellow and dark yellow muddy sandstones and terracotta red or grey-green mottled, red-brown sandy mudstones. Largest exposures are approximately 80m.

Environment/lithology: sandstone and mudstone

• A skull was found in 'terracotta-yellow, brown yellow sandstone.' A scapula was found slightly higher up the section in a variegated mudstone.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: A complete mastodont skull was recovered by the Lantian research team of the Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology (IVPP), but some damage occurred during excavation.

•The faunal list in Chiu et al. (1979) is a conflation of 4 localities in the Lengshuigou Formation. Each locality has been entered separately here.

Primary reference: M. Chow. 1978. Tertiary mammal faunas of the Lantien Region, Shaanxi Province. Professional papers on Stratigraphy and Paleontology, Geological Publishing House, Peking. 7:98-108 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 42753: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 05.08.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotherium shensiensis n. sp. Chang and Zhai 1978 gomphothere
1 skull, 1 scapula.