Stonesfield Slate quarries (Jurassic of the United Kingdom)

Where: England, United Kingdom (51.9° N, 1.4° W: paleocoordinates 41.5° N, 8.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Stonesfield Slates Member (Taynton Limestone Formation), Middle Bathonian (167.7 - 164.7 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; ooidal sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by W. Buckland, Masson, Enniskillen in 1818-1824, 1880

Collection methods: salvage, mechanical,

Primary reference: W. Buckland. 1824. Notice on the Megalosaurus or great Fossil Lizard of Stonesfield. Transactions of the Geological Society of London, series 2 1:390-396 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 59357: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 28.03.2006, edited by Roger Benson

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
  -
Reptilia indet.11 Laurenti 1768 reptile
 Testudinata -
"Protochelys stricklandi n. gen." = Testudo stricklandi7, Protochelys blakii n. sp.1
"Protochelys stricklandi n. gen." = Testudo stricklandi7 Phillips 1871 turtle
BMNH 37218, 37218a, R247, R247a, 37218b, R247b, 39198, 39198a, 37979, R896; arbitrarily assigned to Stonesfield site 1 (they are from Stonesfield)
Protochelys blakii n. sp.1 Mackie 1863 turtle
Holotype BMNH 37979 etc
  -
Oolithes sphaericus n. sp.4 Carruthers 1871 reptile
eggs
 Saurischia -
Theropoda indet.13 Marsh 1881 theropod
MB.R.2351, distal tibia
 Avetheropoda -
Iliosuchus incognitus n. gen. n. sp.5
Iliosuchus incognitus n. gen. n. sp.5 Huene 1932 avetheropod
"a young megalosaur"; BMNH R83
Aves
 Carinatae -
Crateropteryx colei n. gen. n. sp.15
Crateropteryx colei n. gen. n. sp.15 Seeley 1900 bird
humerus of "modern type"
Reptilia
 Saurischia - Megalosauridae
"Megalosaurus bucklandi" = Megalosaurus bucklandii8
"Megalosaurus bucklandi" = Megalosaurus bucklandii8 Mantell 1827 tetanuran
 Pterosauria -
Pterosauria indet.11 pterosaur
limb bones, incl. NMS 1969.32.1
cf. Gnathosaurus sp.2 Meyer 1833 pterosaur
OUM J.01419, anterior end of lower jaw; orig. ID as Teleosaurus
 Pterosauria - Rhamphorhynchidae
"Pterodactylus bucklandi n. sp." = Rhamphocephalus bucklandi6, "Pterodactylus aclandi n. sp." = Rhamphocephalus bucklandi10, "Pterodactylus duncani n. sp." = Rhamphocephalus bucklandi10, "Pterodactylus kiddi n. sp." = Rhamphocephalus bucklandi10
"Pterodactylus bucklandi n. sp." = Rhamphocephalus bucklandi6 Meyer 1832 pterosaur
holotype plus "Hundreds of isolated bones, representing all parts of the skeleton"
"Pterodactylus aclandi n. sp." = Rhamphocephalus bucklandi10 Meyer 1832 pterosaur
"Pterodactylus duncani n. sp." = Rhamphocephalus bucklandi10 Meyer 1832 pterosaur
"Pterodactylus kiddi n. sp." = Rhamphocephalus bucklandi10 Meyer 1832 pterosaur
 Loricata - Teleosauridae
Teleosaurus geoffroyi12 Deslongchamps 1868 marine crocodile
OUM J 1421: Part of the symphysis and rami of the lower jaw
Osteichthyes
 Therapsida - Tritylodontidae
Stereognathus ooliticus n. gen. n. sp.9
Stereognathus ooliticus n. gen. n. sp.9 Charlesworth 1854 therapsid
Mammalia
  -
Mammalia indet.14 Linnaeus 1758 mammal
BMNH 32752, 48250, M13126 (right femora); M13127 (right humerus)
 Eutriconodonta - Amphilestidae
"Amphitherium broderipii n. sp." = Amphilestes broderipii9, Phascolotherium bucklandi n. gen. n. sp.9
"Amphitherium broderipii n. sp." = Amphilestes broderipii9 Owen 1871 mammal
Left mandibles (Yorkshire Museum holotype; and Oxford University Museum (OUMNH) speciems) and a right mandible (OUMNH)
Phascolotherium bucklandi n. gen. n. sp.9 Broderip 1828 mammal
BMNH 112, M7595 (right mandible); and OUMNH left ramus
 Theriiformes -
Amphitherium prevostii n. gen. n. sp.9 von Meyer 1832 mammal
Amphitherium arbitrarily assigned to Stonesfield site 1 (it is from Stonesfield); BMNH 36822; OUMNH specimens J.20.074, J.20.075, J.20.076 (partial mandibles described by Butler & Clemens 2001))
Amphitherium rixoni n. sp.3 Butler and Clemens 2001 mammal
BMNH 36822, holotype right dentary