Castiglione 3 (Pleistocene of France)

Also known as Cast.3 CG, Cavite numero 3 de Castiglione, Oletta

Where: Corse, France (42.7° N, 9.3° E: paleocoordinates 42.7° N, 9.3° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• the fossiliferous deposit is located from 39m to 33m below ground level, at the intersection between 2 narrow, perpendicular fissures.

•Th/U method gives an age of 157,000 y (+22,200/-17,300)

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; unlithified, argillaceous, sandy conglomerate

• a sandy and clayey matrix containing small pebbles and blocks

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: replaced with calcite

Collection methods: sampling of a surface which is 4 m high and 2.5 m wide.

Primary reference: M. Salotti, S. Bailon, M.-F. Bonifay, J.-Y. Courtois, J.-N. Dubois, J. Ferrandini, J.-C. La Milza, C. Mourer-Chauvire, J.-B. Popelard, Y. Quinif, A.-M. Real-Testud, C. Miniconi, E. Pereira and C. Persiani. 1997. Castiglione 3, un nouveau remplissage fosilifere d'age Pleistocene moyen dans le karst de la region d'Oletta (Haute-Corse). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, Serie IIa 324:67-74 [E. Fara/E. Fara]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 69062: authorized by Emmanuel Fara, entered by Emmanuel Fara on 16.02.2007, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Gastropoda
  -
Oxychilus sp. Fitzinger 1833 snail
 Helicoidea - Helicidae
Marmorana serpentina Ferussac 1826 slug
Tacheocampylaea raspaili Payraudeau 1826 slug
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo viridis Laurenti 1768 European green toad
 Salientia - Discoglossidae
Discoglossus sp. Otth 1837 painted frog
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Testudo hermanni" = Chersine hermanni1
"Testudo hermanni" = Chersine hermanni1 Gmelin 1789 Hermann's tortoise
shell parts or fragments as well as some other cranial and postcranial elements
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emys orbicularis1 Linnaeus 1758 European pond turtle
shell parts or fragments as well as some other cranial and postcranial elements
Aves
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo insularis Mourer-Chauvire and Weesie 1986 eagle-owl
Otus sp. Pennant 1769 scops owl
in the size range of Otus scops
 Strigiformes - Tytonidae
Tyto balearica Mourer-Chauvire et al. 1980 barn owl
Tyto alba Scopoli 1769 barn owl
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Columba livia Gmelin 1789 rock pigeon
 Ornithurae -
Passeriformes indet. Linnaeus 1758 perching bird
small Passeriformes
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Pyrrhocorax graculus Linnaeus 1766 yellow-billed chough
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Porzana porzana Linnaeus 1766 spotted crake
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Accipiter nisus Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian sparrowhawk
Accipiter gentilis Linnaeus 1758 northern goshawk
Buteo cf. buteo Linnaeus 1758 common buzzard
Buteo rufinus Cretzschmar 1826 long-legged buzzard
Aquila chrysaetos Linnaeus 1758 golden eagle
Reptilia
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Podarcis tiliguerta Gmelin 1789 Wall lizards
Lacerta "n. sp. Salotti et al. 1997" Linnaeus 1758 squamates
Archaeolacerta bedriagae Camerano 1885 Bedriaga's rock lizard
 Squamata - Colubridae
Coluber viridiflavus Lacépède 1789 racer
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Muridae
Rhagamys orthodon Hensel 1856 mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Tyrrhenicola henseli F. Major 1905 mouse
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Prolagus sardus Wagner 1829 pika
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Episoriculus corsicanus Bate 1944 red-toothed shrew
"present but not abundant"
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Cyrnolutra castiglionis n. gen. n. sp." = Lutra castiglionis2
"Cyrnolutra castiglionis n. gen. n. sp." = Lutra castiglionis2 Pereira and Salotti 2000 otter
 Carnivora - Canidae
Cynotherium sardous Studiati 1857 canid
2 right mandibles
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis myotis Borkhausen 1797 greater mouse-eared bat
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Schreber 1774 greater horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus euryale Blasius 1853 horseshoe bat
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
large size