Arca Linnaeus 1758 (ark)

Bivalvia - Arcida - Arcidae

Synonyms: Arca (Navicula) Blainville 1825, Navicula Blainville 1825

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Arcidae according to E. V. Coan and P. Valentich-Scott 2012

See also Bohm and Weisfermel 1913, da Silva Forti 1969, del Rio 1992, Dockery 1982, DuBar 1958, Frassinetti and Covacevich 1999, Gardner 1943, Glenn 1904, Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983, Grant and Gale 1931, Hendy 2007, Hertlein and Grant 1972, Jensen 1996, Lamprell and Healy 1998, Matsubara 2002, Olsson 1931, Olsson 1967, Oostingh 1935, Pacaud and Le Renard 1995, Sepkoski 2002, Squires 1991, Tiwari 2001, Todd 2001, Vokes 1980 and Woodring 1973

Sister taxa: Ambrogia, Anadarinae, Angulararca, Arcinae, Asperarca, Barbatia, Bathyarca, Bentharca, Coraliarca, Fugleria, Karasuarca, Kikaiarca, Litharcinae, Noetiinae, Pectunculinae, Quadrilatera

Subtaxa: Arca (Arca) Arca (Byssoarca) Arca (Fossularca) Arca (Tosarca) Arca abrupta Arca angusta Arca augusta Arca avellana Arca bailyi Arca bezanconi Arca biangula Arca blanfordi Arca brahminica Arca camaronesia Arca capulopsis Arca cardiiformis Arca chevallieri Arca choffati Arca cholana Arca clathrata Arca clellandi Arca columbiana Arca cordata Arca coxi Arca dalli Arca debilis Arca delandensis Arca divaricata Arca douvillei Arca feddeni Arca fuscoides Arca gamana Arca geulemensis Arca hispida Arca holmesii Arca incerta Arca interrupta Arca japetica Arca kannegieteri Arca koerti Arca labiata Arca lactea Arca larkhanaensis Arca lata Arca limula Arca mcnairyensis Arca mekranica Arca miliacea Arca minuata Arca mutabilis Arca nannodes Arca negata Arca newtoni Arca nitida Arca nuda Arca obeidi Arca ovata Arca pacifica Arca pantheonensis Arca particularis Arca peethensis Arca perpectinata Arca prephina Arca protracta Arca pseudoantiquata Arca pseudonavicularis Arca quadrilatera Arca radiata Arca salomonensis Arca sandbergeri Arca spiekeri Arca squamosa Arca striatula Arca subfiligrana Arca sublata Arca submultiformis Arca sulcicosta Arca tetragona Arca tjidamarensis Arca trinchinopolitensis Arca uhligi Arca valdensis Arca valdiviana Arca vanholsti Arca ventricosa Arca wagneriana Arca zebra Navicula tutamoensis Scapharca zorritensis

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Type: Arca noae

Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (3 collections), the Bahamas (3), Bermuda (6), Cape Verde (1), Cayman Islands (2), Costa Rica (3), Cuba (3), Djibouti (6), the Dominican Republic (2), Egypt (3), Eritrea (4), France (3), Haiti (3), India (4), Ireland (1), Italy (4), Jamaica (2), Japan (11), Kenya (3), the Marshall Islands (1), Mexico (3), Morocco (9), Mozambique (1), Panama (1), Portugal (4), South Africa (4), Spain (3), Sudan (1), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (27: California, Florida, Hawaii, South Carolina), Venezuela (3)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (2: California, Florida)

• Pliocene of Australia (3), Belgium (1), Colombia (4), Costa Rica (4), Cyprus (1), the Dominican Republic (5), Ecuador (5), Greece (3), Haiti (1), Indonesia (8), Italy (2), Jamaica (4), Japan (3), Mexico (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (3), Papua New Guinea (1), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (7), Spain (3), Trinidad and Tobago (9), the United Kingdom (6), United States (14: Alaska, California, Florida), Venezuela (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (3)

• Miocene of Algeria (4), Argentina (7), Australia (3), Austria (1), Brazil (4), Bulgaria (3), Chile (2), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Cyprus (3), the Dominican Republic (7), Fiji (1), France (1), Germany (1), Greece (2), Haiti (6), Hungary (1), India (8), Indonesia (8), Iran (2), Israel (1), Italy (8), Malta (2), Mexico (5), Moldova (5), Morocco (1), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (7), Panama (2), Papua New Guinea (3), Peru (4), the Philippines (1), Poland (5), Puerto Rico (1), the Russian Federation (4), Spain (4), Trinidad and Tobago (1), Turkey (1), United States (22: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, South Carolina), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (4)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), Haiti (1), United States (7: Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (2), Bulgaria (1), France (5), Germany (2), Haiti (1), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (2), Peru (1), Puerto Rico (2), the Russian Federation (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (5: California, Georgia)

• Eocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Eocene of Australia (4), Bulgaria (2), Colombia (2), Croatia (1), France (4), Germany (2), Indonesia (1), Italy (2), Japan (2), the Marshall Islands (1), Namibia (1), the Netherlands (1), the Netherlands Antilles (2), New Zealand (2), Nigeria (10), Pakistan (4), Romania (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Somalia (1), the United Kingdom (4), United States (22: Alabama, California, Florida, New Jersey, North Carolina, Texas)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Pakistan (2)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Belgium (4), Denmark (1), Egypt (2), France (1), Nigeria (1), United States (14: Alabama, Georgia, New Jersey, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Austria (1), Denmark (1), Egypt (4), France (22), Germany (4), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Japan (5), Jordan (1), Madagascar (1), Mozambique (1), the Netherlands (4), New Zealand (5), Peru (1), Portugal (3), Spain (3), Switzerland (14), Turkmenistan (1), the United Kingdom (8), United States (94: Alabama, Arizona, Delaware, Georgia, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of Ethiopia (2), France (5), Germany (5), India (1), Madagascar (2), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Portugal (5), the United Kingdom (1), Yemen (1)

• Triassic of Germany (1), Italy (1)

• Permian of Italy (1)

Total: 709 collections including 880 occurrences

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