Terrapene putnami Hay 1906 (box turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Emydidae

UF 3066 (neotype), complete shell and associated skeletal elements (Ehret et al. 2013, fig. 1) formally replaced AMNH 6097, the original type material of Hay (1906a) (see ICZN 2016).

Alternative combination: Testudo carolina putnami

Synonyms: Terrapene antipex Hay 1916, Terrapene canaliculata Hay 1907, Terrapene formosa Hay 1916, Terrapene llanensis Oelrich 1953

Full reference: O. P. Hay. 1906. Descriptions of two new genera (Echmatemys and Xenochelys) and two new species (Xenochelys formosa and Terrapene putnami) of fossil turtles. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 22(3):27-31

Belongs to Terrapene according to E. Vlachos 2018

See also Auffenberg 1958, Auffenberg 1967, Ehret et al. 2013, Hay 1908, Hay 1930, Milstead 1956 and Oelrich 1953

Sister taxa: Cistudo marnochii, Terrapene bulverda, Terrapene carolina, Terrapene coahuila, Terrapene corneri, Terrapene eurypygia, Terrapene hibernaculum, Terrapene impensa, Terrapene impressa, Terrapene klauberi, Terrapene nelsoni, Terrapene ornata, Terrapene parornata, Terrapene singletoni, Cistudo eocaenica, Cistudo triunguis, Cistudo major, Cistudo mexicana

Type specimens:

  • Terrapene putnami: UF 3066 (neotype), a partial skeleton (left hypoplastral)
  • Terrapene antipex: UNSM 8820, a partial shell (posterior lobe of the plastron). Its type locality is Vero, which is in a Pleistocene channel sandstone/sandstone in Florida.
  • Terrapene canaliculata: U. S. National Museum 5500, a partial shell (isolated shell fragments). Its type locality is Savannah, near, Pleistocene, which is in a Pleistocene terrestrial horizon in Georgia.
  • Terrapene formosa: USNM 8825 (holotype), a shell (posterior portions of a carapace). Its type locality is Ocala (precise locality unknown), which is in a Pleistocene marine horizon in the Ocala Formation of Florida.
  • Terrapene llanensis: UMMP 26957, a partial shell (posterior four-fifths of the carapace, posterior lobe of the plastron, and several appendicular skeletal elements).

Ecology: ground dwelling omnivore


• Quaternary of United States (6: Florida, Georgia, Texas collections)

Total: 6 collections including 7 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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