Pugilina Schumacher 1817 (snail)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Melongenidae

Alternative spellings: Melongena (Pugilina), Volema (Pugilina)

Parent taxon: Melongenidae according to M. Harzhauser et al. 2009

See also Eames 1952, Ladd 1977, Mukerjee 1939, Oostingh 1935, Sepkoski 2002, Vredenburg 1923 and Wilson 1994

Sister taxa: Busyconinae, Cornulina, Deussenia, Echinofulgurinae, Fascioplex, Fyfea, Levifusus, Lomirosa, Melongeninae, Nipponitys, Palaeatractus, Protobusycon, Pseudomazzalina, Pyrifusus, Rhombopsis, Saginafusus, Torquifer, Tropochasca, Volema

Subtaxa: Melongena (Pugilina) ickei Melongena (Pugilina) muriciformis Melongena (Pugilina) ponderosa Melongena (Pugilina) praeparadisiaca Melongena (Pugilina) praeponderosa Melongena (Pugilina) pugilina Pugilina (Mayeria) Pugilina aedicnema Pugilina eulactea Pugilina morio Volema (Pugilina) superspinosa

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Type: Murex morio

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Pliocene of Indonesia (4 collections)

• Miocene of the Dominican Republic (2), India (5), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Japan (4), the Marshall Islands (1), Pakistan (6)

• Oligocene of France (1), Myanmar (3)

• Eocene of Bulgaria (5), India (1), Pakistan (1), Peru (1)

• Paleocene of Nigeria (1)

• Cretaceous of the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 38 collections including 40 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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