Scaphander Monfort 1810 (snail)

Gastropoda - Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae

Alternative spelling: Bulla (Scaphander)

Parent taxon: Cylichnidae according to M. Harzhauser and O. Mandic 2001

See also Abbass 1967, Frassinetti and Covacevich 1995, MacNeil 1960, Moore 1976, Nielson and Valdovinos 2008, Olsson 1964, Sepkoski 2002, Skwarko 1994, Sohl 1964, Todd 2001, Wienrich and Janssen 2007 and Woodring 1928

Sister taxa: Abderospira, Acteocina, Bullaria, Bullichna, Cylichna, Cylichnania, Cylichnella, Philine, Suwannescapha, Taita

Subtaxa: Bulla (Scaphander) elegans Scaphander (Scaphander) Scaphander alaskensis Scaphander brevicula Scaphander costatus Scaphander interruptus Scaphander javanus Scaphander nannus Scaphander oligoturritus Scaphander polysarcus Scaphander radii Scaphander rarus Scaphander remondi Scaphander stewarti

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Chile (1 collection), Costa Rica (1), Fiji (1)

• Pliocene of Belgium (2), Chile (7), Ecuador (1), India (1), Jamaica (2), the Netherlands (1), Panama (4), Venezuela (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (1), United States (1: Alaska)

• Miocene of Austria (1), Belgium (8), Brazil (2), Chile (10), Cuba (1), France (2), Germany (17), Grenada (1), India (2), Indonesia (2), Iran (1), Italy (1), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (4), Pakistan (1), Panama (4), Poland (1), United States (11: California, Florida)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (5: California, Florida)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Jamaica (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (1), United States (29: Alaska, California, Florida, Mississippi, Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (10: Oregon)

• Eocene of Antarctica (8), Croatia (1), Egypt (1), France (1), Germany (1), Indonesia (3), Italy (2), Jamaica (1), Japan (2), Mexico (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (4), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (10), United States (58: Alabama, California, Florida, Mississippi, Oregon, Washington)

• Paleocene of Argentina (1), France (1), Germany (1), Mexico (1), Poland (2), United States (15: Alabama, California, Maryland, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (2), United States (5: California, Tennessee)

Total: 268 collections including 279 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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