Subfamily Pustulariinae Gill 1871 (cowry)

Gastropoda - Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae

Parent taxon: Cypraeidae according to P. Bouchet et al. 2005

Sister taxa: Afrozoila, Akleistostoma, Archicypraeinae, Bernayinae, Bistolidinae, Cypraeinae, Cypraeorbis, Cypraeovulinae, Erosariinae, Erroneinae, Eucypraea, Fossacypraea, Gisortiinae, Luriinae, Mandolina, Megalocypraea, Nariinae, Nesiocypraea, Notadusta, Ovulum, Palaeocypraea, Proadusta, Pseudadusta, Pseudocypraeinae, Pseudozonariinae, Pustulariopsis, Semicypraea, Siphocypraea, Umbilia, Zoila, Zonariinae

Subtaxa: Eopustularia Neobernaya Pustularia

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Ecology: epifaunal omnivore-grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Djibouti (1), Guam (1), Japan (1), Kenya (3), the Marshall Islands (1), Mexico (2), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Papua New Guinea (2), the Seychelles (2), United States (14: California, Hawaii), Vanuatu (1), Yemen (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Guam (1)

• Pliocene of Fiji (1), Italy (1), United States (2: California)

• Miocene of Cuba (1), Fiji (1), Guam (1), Indonesia (4)

• Eocene of France (2), Hungary (3), Italy (3), Mexico (1), Switzerland (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (2: Washington)

Total: 56 collections including 59 occurrences

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