Suborder Gadilimorpha Steiner 1992 (tusk shell)

Scaphopoda - Gadilida

Parent taxon: Gadilida according to P. D. Reynolds and G. Steiner 2008

Sister taxa: Compressidens, Entalimorpha, Megaentalina

Subtaxa: Gadilidae Pulsellidae Wemersoniellidae

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Ecology: slow-moving shallow infaunal deposit feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Costa Rica (4), Ecuador (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Panama (2), United States (4: California, Florida)

• Pliocene of Costa Rica (6), Ecuador (2), Italy (1), Jamaica (3), Japan (1), Mexico (1), Panama (21), United States (12: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (7)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (1: Alaska)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), Australia (5), Belgium (1), Denmark (1), the Dominican Republic (4), Ecuador (1), Germany (20), Grenada (2), Indonesia (2), Japan (1), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (2), Panama (76), Slovakia (1), Trinidad and Tobago (2), United States (36: Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene of Denmark (2), Haiti (1), Hungary (2), Panama (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (13: Mississippi)

• Eocene of Antarctica (3), Colombia (1), France (1), Japan (1), Mexico (4), Panama (2), the United Kingdom (4), United States (129: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Oregon, Texas, Virginia, Washington)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Australia (1)

• Paleocene of Australia (2), Austria (1), Denmark (4), Germany (1), Greenland (1), Mexico (1), United States (40: Alabama, Louisiana, Maryland, Texas, Virginia)

• Cretaceous of Canada (1: Alberta), United States (76: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas)

• Permian of United States (6: Nevada)

Total: 526 collections including 590 occurrences

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