Arca Linnaeus 1758 (ark)

Bivalvia - Arcida - Arcidae

Synonyms: Arca (Navicula) Blainville 1825, Arcoptera Bittner 1895, Navicula Blainville 1825

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Arcinae according to G. Vermeij and K. Amano 2021

See also Adegoke 1977, Böhm and Weisfermel 1913, Bouchet et al. 2010, Coan and Valentich-Scott 2012, Cox et al. 1969, da Silva Forti 1969, del Rio 1992, Dockery 1982, DuBar 1958, Durham 1944, Frassinetti and Covacevich 1999, Gardner 1943, Glenn 1904, Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983, Grant, IV and Gale 1931, Hall 1964, Hendy 2007, Hertlein and Grant 1972, Jensen 1996, Lamprell and Healy 1998, Matsubara 2002, Moore 1983, Nagao 1928, Olsson 1931, Olsson 1967, Oostingh 1935, Pacaud and Le Renard 1995, Sepkoski 2002, Squires 1991, Squires 1999, Stanton 1895, Tiwari 2001, Todd 2001, Tomlin 1930, Vokes 1980 and Woodring 1973

Sister taxa: Acar, Calloarca, Destacar, Eonavicula, Epitrisis, Lamarcka, Mimarcaria, Miratacar, Nipponarca, Opularca, Plagiarca, Thronacar, Trisidos

Subtaxa: Arca (Arca) Arca (Argina) Arca (Byssoarca) Arca (Fossularca) Arca (Tosarca) Arca abrupta Arca aldrichi Arca angusta Arca aquila Arca arcta Arca augusta Arca aviculoides Arca azzarolae Arca bailyi Arca bavarica Arca bezanconi Arca biangula Arca blanfordi Arca bouvieri Arca brahminica Arca budoensis Arca caelata Arca camaronesia Arca capulopsis Arca cardiiformis Arca cardioides Arca chemnitzi Arca chevallieri Arca choffati Arca cholana Arca clarki Arca clathrata Arca clellandi Arca cordata Arca coxi Arca cultrata Arca dalli Arca debilis Arca delandensis Arca divaricata Arca douvillei Arca feddeni Arca formosissima Arca fuscoides Arca galei Arca geulemensis Arca harrisi Arca hispida Arca holmesii Arca impavida Arca imperialis Arca incerta Arca interrupta Arca japetica Arca kannegieteri Arca koerti Arca koumaci Arca labiata Arca lactea Arca larkhanaensis Arca lata Arca laudunensis Arca leopoliensis Arca limula Arca mcnairyensis Arca mekranica Arca merriami Arca microdonta Arca miliacea Arca minuata Arca nannodes Arca navicularis Arca negata Arca newtoni Arca nitida Arca noae Arca nuda Arca obeidi Arca ovata Arca pacifica Arca pantheonensis Arca paratina Arca particularis Arca peethensis Arca perpectinata Arca perradiata Arca prephina Arca procumbens Arca protracta Arca pseudoantiquata Arca pseudonavicularis Arca quadrilatera Arca radiata Arca rudis Arca salomonensis Arca sandbergeri Arca silverdalensis Arca socialis Arca spiekeri Arca squamosa Arca striatula Arca stricklandi Arca subfiligrana Arca sublata Arca submultiformis Arca sulcicosta Arca symphenacis Arca syracusensis Arca tirolensis Arca tjidamarensis Arca uhligi Arca valdensis Arca valdiviana Arca vanholsti Arca vaughani Arca wagneriana Arca zebra Arcoptera ampla Arcoptera areata Arcoptera canaliculata Arcoptera elegantula Arcoptera lateareata Arcoptera schlosseri Arcoptera vixareata Arcoptera wagneriana Navicula tutamoensis Scapharca zorritensis

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Type: Permophorus costatus

Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Bermuda (6), Brazil (1), Cape Verde (1), Costa Rica (4), Cuba (2), Djibouti (5), the Dominican Republic (1), Egypt (1), Eritrea (2), France (3), India (4), Ireland (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Kenya (1), the Marshall Islands (1), Mayotte (1), Mexico (2), Morocco (9), Mozambique (1), Panama (1), Peru (1), South Africa (4), Spain (3), Sudan (1), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (25: California, Florida, Hawaii, South Carolina), Venezuela (4), Yemen (3)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), United States (4: California, Florida)

• Pliocene of Australia (1), Colombia (4), Costa Rica (1), Cyprus (1), the Dominican Republic (6), Ecuador (5), Fiji (1), Greece (3), Holy See (Vatican City State) (1), Indonesia (8), Italy (2), Jamaica (4), Japan (1), Mexico (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (3), Papua New Guinea (1), Portugal (1), South Africa (6), Spain (3), Trinidad and Tobago (6), the United Kingdom (4), United States (15: Alaska, California, Florida), Venezuela (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Aruba (1), Chile (1), the Dominican Republic (3), United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Algeria (4), Argentina (7), Australia (3), Austria (1), Brazil (1), Bulgaria (3), Chile (2), Colombia (1), Cyprus (3), the Dominican Republic (8), Fiji (1), Germany (1), Greece (2), Haiti (4), Hungary (1), India (8), Indonesia (8), Iran (1), Israel (1), Italy (7), Malta (2), Mexico (3), Moldova (5), Morocco (1), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (7), Papua New Guinea (3), Peru (4), the Philippines (1), Poland (5), Spain (4), Trinidad and Tobago (1), Turkey (1), United States (21: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, Oregon, South Carolina), Venezuela (3)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), Haiti (1), United States (3: Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (2), Bulgaria (1), France (5), Germany (2), Haiti (1), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Pakistan (2), Peru (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (6: California, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina)

• Eocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Eocene of Australia (4), Bulgaria (2), Colombia (2), Croatia (1), France (4), Germany (2), Indonesia (1), Italy (2), the Marshall Islands (1), Namibia (1), the Netherlands (1), the Netherlands Antilles (2), New Zealand (2), Nigeria (10), Pakistan (4), Romania (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Somalia (1), the United Kingdom (4), United States (31: Alabama, California, Florida, New Jersey, North Carolina, Texas)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Pakistan (2)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Belgium (4), Denmark (1), Egypt (2), France (1), Nigeria (1), United States (14: Alabama, Georgia, New Jersey, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Austria (1), Denmark (1), Egypt (4), France (20), Germany (5), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Japan (5), Jordan (1), Madagascar (1), the Netherlands (4), New Zealand (5), Peru (1), Portugal (3), Spain (3), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (2), Switzerland (13), Turkmenistan (1), the United Kingdom (8), United States (97: Alabama, Arizona, Delaware, Georgia, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of Ethiopia (2), France (5), Germany (5), India (1), Madagascar (2), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Portugal (5), the United Kingdom (3), Yemen (1)

• Triassic to Jurassic of Singapore (1)

• Triassic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Germany (3), Italy (9)

• Permian of Italy (2), Madagascar (1)

Total: 669 collections including 817 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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