Parallelodon Meek and Worthen 1866 (clam)

Bivalvia - Arcida - Parallelodontidae

Synonyms: Cucullaea (Macrodon) Buckman 1882, Macrodon Buckman 1882

Full reference: F. B. Meek and A. H. Worthen. 1866. Descriptions of invertebrates from the Carboniferous System, Illinois. Geological Survey of Illinois 2:145-411

Parent taxon: Parallelodontinae according to H. E. Vokes 1980

See also Anelli et al. 2006, Bittner 1895, Ros-Franch et al. 2014, Scholz et al. 2008 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Carbonarca, Glyptarca

Subtaxa: Macrodon badiana Macrodon curionii Macrodon elongatum Macrodon elongatus Macrodon esinense Macrodon formosum Macrodon geminum Macrodon imbricarius Macrodon juttensis Macrodon klipsteini Macrodon punctata Macrodon rufae Macrodon scaber Macrodon solitarius Macrodon strigilatum Macrodon sturi Parallelodon anaklastum Parallelodon apenninicus Parallelodon beyrichii Parallelodon bimodoliratus Parallelodon bittneri Parallelodon brenensis Parallelodon cancellosus Parallelodon capillatus Parallelodon carsulanus Parallelodon comptus Parallelodon corbina Parallelodon datianensis Parallelodon desioi Parallelodon dickinsi Parallelodon elongatum Parallelodon groeberi Parallelodon guizhouensis Parallelodon hettangiensis Parallelodon hirsonensis Parallelodon hubeiensis Parallelodon interrupta Parallelodon jiaozishanensis Parallelodon kingiana Parallelodon laochangensis Parallelodon latisinuatus Parallelodon lianyuanensis Parallelodon licharewi Parallelodon longus Parallelodon maxiai Parallelodon minima Parallelodon monobensis Parallelodon multilamellatus Parallelodon multistriatus Parallelodon obsoletus Parallelodon qinghaiensis Parallelodon rectangulus Parallelodon respectus Parallelodon riccardii Parallelodon rudis Parallelodon rugosus Parallelodon sangamonensis Parallelodon striatus Parallelodon subarguta Parallelodon subtilistriatus Parallelodon tectum Parallelodon tenuistriatus Parallelodon theodorensis Parallelodon trapezium Parallelodon trimuensis Parallelodon uralicus Parallelodon whitei Parallelodon xijinwulanensis

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Type: Macrodon rugosus

Ecology: facultatively mobile low-level epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Cretaceous of Japan (5 collections), the Russian Federation (2), USSR (1), United States (18: California, Colorado)

• Jurassic of Antarctica (1), Argentina (25), Canada (3: British Columbia, Yukon), Chile (36), China (1), France (49), Germany (32), Greenland (26), Italy (5), Japan (8), Mexico (2), Poland (1), Portugal (4), Saudi Arabia (30), Somalia (1), Spain (39), Tanzania (4), Thailand (1), Tunisia (14), Turkey (3), the United Kingdom (11), United States (3: Alaska, Oregon), Yemen (3)

• Triassic of Austria (4), Canada (2: British Columbia), Chile (1), China (15), Germany (3), Hungary (8), Iran (6), Israel (1), Italy (24), Japan (4), New Caledonia (2), New Zealand (1), the Russian Federation (4), Slovakia (2), the United Kingdom (1), United States (5: Nevada, Oregon, Utah)

• Permian of Afghanistan (1), Australia (43), Canada (1: British Columbia), China (26), Germany (1), Greenland (1), India (5), Italy (1), Japan (5), Lithuania (2), Malaysia (1), New Zealand (3), Pakistan (7), Peru (1), the Russian Federation (11), Tunisia (5), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (42), United States (17: Alaska, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Wyoming), Venezuela (1)

• Virgilian of United States (9: Illinois, Maryland, New Mexico, Ohio, Texas)

• Desmoinesian of United States (6: Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania)

• Westphalian of Spain (1)

• Carboniferous of Argentina (1), Australia (1), Brazil (1), China (2), the Czech Republic (1), Ireland (4), Mexico (2), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (15), United States (28: Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Indiana, Nevada, New Mexico, New mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Utah, West Virginia)

• Mississippian of United States (2: Alaska, California)

• Devonian of Australia (1), China (3), Germany (3), Poland (2), United States (24: Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania)

• Ordovician of Bolivia (1)

• Arenig of France (1)

Total: 695 collections including 791 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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