Gryphaea Lamarck 1801 (oyster)

Bivalvia - Ostreida - Gryphaeidae

Synonym: Liogryphaea Fischer 1886

Parent taxon: Gryphaeinae according to H. E. Vokes 1980

See also McRoberts 2011, Papier 2001 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Africogryphaea, Deltoideum, Liostrea, Pernostrea, Praeexogyra

Subtaxa: Gryphaea (Africogryphaea) Gryphaea (Bilobissa) Gryphaea (Catinula) Gryphaea (Gryphaea) Gryphaea arcta Gryphaea arcuata Gryphaea arcuataeformis Gryphaea avicularis Gryphaea balli Gryphaea bilobata Gryphaea brongniarti Gryphaea colombiana Gryphaea costellata Gryphaea cymbium Gryphaea gigantea Gryphaea kenkerensis Gryphaea mccullochi Gryphaea mutabilis Gryphaea nevadensis Gryphaea obliquata Gryphaea orientalis Gryphaea planoconvexa Gryphaea stomatoidea

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Eocene of Bulgaria (8 collections), Colombia (1), Egypt (2), Libya (2), Romania (9), United States (1: New Jersey)

• Paleocene of Bulgaria (1), Egypt (1), Poland (1), United States (3: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Chile (1), Japan (2), Madagascar (1), Mexico (19), New Zealand (3), Trinidad and Tobago (1), USSR (3), United States (60: Arizona, Kansas, Mississippi, Montana, New Jersey, North Carolina, Texas)

• Jurassic of Argentina (1), Belgium (1), Canada (19: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Yukon), Chile (77), China (3), Cuba (1), Denmark (4), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (8), France (94), Germany (47), Greenland (50), Hungary (1), India (33), Italy (1), Luxembourg (2), Madagascar (7), Mexico (1), Poland (2), Portugal (3), the Russian Federation (3), Saudi Arabia (56), Serbia and Montenegro (2), Slovakia (2), Somalia (11), Spain (124), Switzerland (1), Tanzania (1), Tunisia (8), Ukraine (3), the United Kingdom (53), United States (80: Alaska, California, Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Wyoming ), Yemen (13)

• Triassic of Canada (6: British Columbia), Chile (2), Germany (1), Italy (1), Mexico (1), the Russian Federation (14), United States (11: Alaska, Nevada, Oregon)

Total: 869 collections including 1021 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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