Mercenaria Schumacher 1817 (quahog)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Veneridae

Alternative spelling: Venus (Mercenaria)

Synonyms: Mclelannia Wilson 1983, Mclellania Wilson 1983

Parent taxon: Venerinae according to E. V. Coan and P. Valentich-Scott 2012

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, Coan et al. 2000, Gardner 1943, Sepkoski 2002, Todd 2001, Ward 1992, Ward and Blackwelder 1987 and Wilson 1983

Sister taxa: Antigona, Artena, Callithaca, Chione, Chioneryx, Chionista, Chionopsis, Circomphalus, Clausinella, Dosina, Dosiniini, Globivenus, Humilaria, Iliochione, Irusella, Kuia, Leukoma, Marama, Melosia, Paphonotia, Paraesa, Periglypta, Proxichione, Tapetini, Tawera, Turia, Venerini, Venus, Lirophora, Timoclea, Placamen, Hinemoana, Ameghinomya, Bassina, Anomalocardia, Nioche, Austrovenus

Subtaxa: Mclellania aenigma Mercenaria blakei Mercenaria campechiensis Mercenaria capax Mercenaria cuneata Mercenaria druidi Mercenaria ducatelli Mercenaria erecta Mercenaria gardnerae Mercenaria langdoni Mercenaria mercenaria Mercenaria nannodes Mercenaria permagna Mercenaria plena Mercenaria prodroma Mercenaria tetrica Mercenaria violacea

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (112: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia collections)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Pliocene of Haiti (1), Japan (6), United States (58: Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene of Brazil (3), Haiti (1), Indonesia (2), Japan (27), the Russian Federation (1), United States (114: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Virginia)

• Oligocene of United States (3: North Carolina)

Total: 330 collections including 388 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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