Mercenaria Schumacher 1817 (quahog)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Veneridae

Alternative spelling: Venus (Mercenaria)

Parent taxon: Venerinae according to E. V. Coan and P. Valentich-Scott 2012

See also Coan et al. 2000, Gardner 1943, Sepkoski 2002, Todd 2001, Ward 1992 and Ward and Blackwelder 1987

Sister taxa: Antigona, Artena, Callithaca, Chione, Chioneryx, Chionista, Chionopsis, Circomphalus, Clausinella, Dosina, Dosiniini, Globivenus, Humilaria, Iliochione, Irusella, Kuia, Leukoma, Marama, Melosia, Paphonotia, Periglypta, Tapetini, Tawera, Turia, Venerini, Venus, Anomalocardia, Bassina, Placamen, Nioche, Timoclea, Austrovenus, Lirophora

Subtaxa: Mercenaria blakei Mercenaria campechiensis Mercenaria capax Mercenaria cuneata Mercenaria druidi Mercenaria ducatelli Mercenaria erecta Mercenaria gardnerae Mercenaria langdoni Mercenaria mercenaria Mercenaria nannodes Mercenaria permagna Mercenaria plena Mercenaria prodroma Mercenaria tetrica

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (110: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia collections)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Haiti (1), Japan (6), United States (56: Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene of Brazil (3), Haiti (1), Indonesia (2), Japan (26), the Russian Federation (1), United States (114: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Virginia)

• Oligocene of United States (3: North Carolina)

Total: 324 collections including 369 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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