Psilopterus lemoinei Moreno and Mercerat 1891 (terror bird)

Aves - Gruiformes - Phorusrhacidae

Alternative combination: Patagornis lemoinei

Synonyms: Pelecyornis australis Moreno and Mercerat 1891, Pelecyornis tubulatus Ameghino 1894, Phororhacos modicus Ameghino 1894, Psilopterus australis Moreno and Mercerat 1891, Staphylornis erythacus Mercerat 1897, Staphylornis gallardoi Mercerat 1897

Full reference: F. P. Moreno and A. Mercerat. 1891. Catálogo de los pájaros fósiles de la República Argentina conservados en el Museo de La Plata [Catalogue of the fossil birds from the Argentine Republic housed in the Museo de La Plata]. Anales del Museo de La Plata. Paleontología Argentina 1:7-71

Belongs to Psilopterus according to S. F. Vizcaíno et al. 2022

See also Alvarenga and Holfing 2003, Ameghino 1894, Bertelli et al. 2007, Gould and Quitmyer 2005, Lambrecht 1933 and Moreno and Mercerat 1891

Sister taxa: Psilopterus affinis, Psilopterus colzecus, Psilopterus communis, Psilopterus intermedius, Pelecyornis tenuirostris, Pelecyornis minutus, Pelecyornis pueyrredonensis, Staphylornis princeps, Staphylornis erithaeus

Type specimens:

  • Psilopterus lemoinei: Museo de La Plata, a limb element. Its type locality is Monte Leon Fm - Monte Leon, which is in a Miocene marine siliciclastic in the Monte Leon Formation of Argentina.
  • Pelecyornis tubulatus:
  • Phororhacos modicus:
  • Psilopterus australis: Its type locality is Santa Cruz Formation, which is in a Santacrucian terrestrial horizon in the Santa Cruz Formation of Argentina.
  • Staphylornis erythacus:
  • Staphylornis gallardoi:

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore


• Miocene of Argentina (13 collections)

Total: 13 collections including 14 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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