Psilopterus lemoinei Moreno and Mercerat 1891 (terror bird)

Aves - Cariamae - Phorusrhacidae

Alternative combination: Patagornis lemoinei

Synonyms: Pelecyornis australis Moreno and Mercerat 1891, Pelecyornis tubulatus Ameghino 1894, Phororhacos modicus Ameghino 1894, Psilopterus australis Moreno and Mercerat 1891, Staphylornis erythacus Mercerat 1897, Staphylornis gallardoi Mercerat 1897

Full reference: F. P. Moreno and A. Mercerat. 1891. Catalogue des Oiseaux Fossiles de la Republique Argentine conserves au Musee de la Plata. Anales del Museo de la Plata 1:1-71

Belongs to Psilopterus according to S. Bertelli et al. 2007

See also Alvarenga and Holfing 2003, Ameghino 1894, Gould and Quitmyer 2005, Lambrecht 1933 and Moreno and Mercerat 1891

Sister taxa: Psilopterus affinis, Psilopterus bachmanni, Psilopterus colzecus, Staphylornis princeps, Staphylornis erithaeus, Pelecyornis tenuirostris, Pelecyornis pueyrredonensis, Pelecyornis minutus

Type specimens:

  • Psilopterus lemoinei: Museo de La Plata, a limb element. Its type locality is Monte Leon Fm - Monte Leon, which is in a Miocene marine siliciclastic in the Monte Leon Formation of Argentina.
  • Pelecyornis tubulatus:
  • Phororhacos modicus:
  • Psilopterus australis: Its type locality is Santa Cruz Formation, which is in a Miocene terrestrial horizon in the Santa Cruz Formation of Argentina.
  • Staphylornis erythacus:
  • Staphylornis gallardoi:

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore


• Miocene of Argentina (3 collections)

Total: 3 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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