Trachycardium Mörch 1853 (cockle)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Cardiidae

Alternative spellings: Cardium (Trachycardium), Laevicardium (Trachycardium)

Parent taxon: Trachycardiinae according to E. V. Coan et al. 2000

See also Aldrich 1911, da Silva Forti 1969, Dockery 1982, Frassinetti and Covacevich 1999, Harris 1919, Hendy et al. 2008, Iqbal 1973, Loel and Corey 1932, Marasti 1973, Mukerjee 1939, Olsson 1967, Pilsbry and Olsson 1941, Sepkoski 2002, Vokes 1980, Vredenburg 1928 and Woodring 1982

Sister taxa: Acrosterigma, Dallocardia

Subtaxa: Cardium (Trachycardium) greenhoughi Cardium (Trachycardium) minbuense Cardium (Trachycardium) polycolpatum Cardium (Trachycardium) protosubrugosum Cardium (Trachycardium) riachuelense Cardium (Trachycardium) sindiense Trachycardium (Mexicardia) Trachycardium (Phlogocardia) Trachycardium (Trachycardium) Trachycardium cotteri Trachycardium enode Trachycardium eufaulensis Trachycardium eversum Trachycardium halaense Trachycardium kinsmarae Trachycardium lacunosum Trachycardium mollyni Trachycardium multiradiatum Trachycardium muricatum Trachycardium planicostata Trachycardium puelchum Trachycardium rugosum Trachycardium thalassium

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Brazil (2 collections), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (2), Djibouti (4), the Dominican Republic (1), Ecuador (3), Iran (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Kenya (10), Mexico (14), Panama (2), Peru (7), Saudi Arabia (2), the Seychelles (1), United States (42: California, Florida, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina), Uruguay (1), Venezuela (1), Yemen (5)

• Blancan of United States (1: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (4), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (1), Chile (2), Costa Rica (6), the Dominican Republic (1), Ecuador (3), India (1), Iran (1), Jamaica (3), Panama (9), Peru (1), United States (9: Florida), Venezuela (9)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (3)

• Miocene of Argentina (11), Brazil (9), Chile (6), Colombia (5), the Dominican Republic (25), France (3), Grenada (1), India (4), Indonesia (6), Pakistan (2), Panama (44), Peru (4), Somalia (1), South Africa (1), Sri Lanka (2), United States (45: California, Florida), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (3)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Australia (1), United States (9: California, Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (1), Haiti (1), Pakistan (1), the Russian Federation (1), Somalia (1), United States (14: California, Georgia, Mississippi)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Haiti (1)

• Eocene of France (1), India (3), Italy (2), Jamaica (1), Pakistan (7), Panama (1), Romania (5), Senegal (1), Spain (1), United States (1: Louisiana)

• Paleocene of Belgium (1), Germany (1), Nigeria (1)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (1), South Africa (1), United States (256: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas)

Total: 643 collections including 712 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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