†subfamily Mancallinae Miller 1946 (auk)

Aves - Charadriiformes - Panalcidae

Alternative spelling: Mancallidae

Full reference: L. Miller. 1946. The Lucas Auk appears again. Condor 48(1):32-36

Parent taxon: Alcidae according to A. Wetmore 1960

See also Howard 1968, Howard 1982, Miller and Howard 1949, Olson 1981, Olson 1985 and Smith 2011

Sister taxa: Aethiinae, Alca, Alcinae, Alle, Cepphus, Cerorhinca, Fratercula, Fraterculinae, Miocepphus, Nautilornithinae, Petralcinae, Synthliboramphus, Uria

Subtaxa: Mancalla Mancalla emlongi Miomancalla Praemancalla Praemancalla lagunensis

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Japan (1 collection), United States (1: California)

• Blancan of United States (19: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (2: California)

• Pliocene of Mexico (2), United States (8: California)

• Miocene of Mexico (2), United States (8: California)

Total: 43 collections including 56 occurrences

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