Sphenophyllum K├Ânig 1825

Equisetopsida - Sphenophyllales

Alternative spelling: Sphaenophyllum

Invalid subtaxa: Sardykphyllum Zalessky 1929, Sphenophyllites Brongniart 1822 [replaced name]

Parent taxon: Sphenophyllales according to S. Chandra and R. Tewari 1991

See also Andrews 1970, Lakhanpal et al. 1976 and Taylor et al. 2009

Sister taxa: Anastachys, Bowmanites, Eviostachya, Koinostachys, Litostrobus, Mesidiophyton, Siderella, Sphenophyllaceae, Sphenophyllostachys, Stylocalamites

Subtaxa: Sardykphyllum crassinervosum Sphenophyllum churulianum Sphenophyllum crenulatum Sphenophyllum elongatum Sphenophyllum emarginatum Sphenophyllum gondwanensis Sphenophyllum radiatum Sphenophyllum thonii Sphenophyllum utkalensis

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Type: Sphenophyllites emarginatus

Distribution:

• Permian of Argentina (6 collections), Australia (1), Austria (1), Brazil (6), China (95), the Czech Republic (1), Egypt (1), France (3), Germany (6), Greenland (1), India (8), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Madagascar (1), Malaysia (2), Mongolia (1), Morocco (1), North Korea (6), Oman (1), Papua New Guinea (1), Peru (1), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (37), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (6), South Korea (5), Spain (1), Thailand (2), Turkey (1), United States (18: Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas), Venezuela (1), Zimbabwe (1)

• Rotliegendes of United States (1: Kansas)

• Virgilian of United States (1: New Mexico)

• Desmoinesian of United States (11: Indiana)

• Pennsylvanian of Portugal (2), Spain (1), United States (11: Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, New Mexico)

• Westphalian of Spain (1)

• Atokan of United States (1: Indiana)

• Namurian of Spain (1)

• Carboniferous to Permian of Morocco (1), Spain (1)

• Carboniferous of Belgium (1), Canada (9: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island), Germany (6), the Netherlands (2), Portugal (2), the Russian Federation (1), Spain (9), Turkey (3), the United Kingdom (7), United States (39: Alabama, Arizona, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, West Virginia)

• Mississippian of Canada (1: New Brunswick), France (1), United States (4: Missouri, West Virginia)

• Devonian of Belgium (1), China (1), United States (1: West Virginia)

Total: 339 collections including 558 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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