Howellella Kozlowski 1946 (lamp shell)

Rhynchonellata - Spiriferida - Delthyrididae

Invalid subtaxa: Crispella Kozlowski 1929 [replaced name], Spirifer (Crispella) Kozlowski 1929 [replaced name]

Full reference: R. Kozlowski. 1946. Howellella, a new name for Crispella Kozlowski, 1929. Journal of Paleontology 20:295-295

Parent taxon: Howellellinae according to A. Williams et al. 2006

See also Bassett and Cocks 1974, Jones 1982, Jones et al. 1969, Kirk and Amsden 1952, Kozlowski 1946 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Acanthospirifer, Aldanispirifer, Howelloidea, Orientospirifer, Pseudokymatothyris, Qiansispirifer, Quiringites, Rufispirifer

Subtaxa: Howellella (Hysterohowellella) Howellella anglica Howellella crispa Howellella cycloptera Howellella elegans Howellella porcata Howellella subinsignis Howellella textilis

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Type: Terebratula crispa

Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Devonian of Algeria (1 collection), Argentina (1), Australia (40), Austria (2), Belarus (2), Canada (63: British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Yukon), China (31), the Czech Republic (9), France (25), Kazakhstan (1), Kyrgyzstan (1), Mongolia (4), Morocco (3), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (19), Spain (7), Tajikistan (1), Ukraine (11), United States (50: Alaska, California, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania), Vietnam (9)

• Clinton of Canada (2: British Columbia)

• Silurian to Devonian of Algeria (1), Australia (1), United States (1: Oklahoma)

• Silurian of Argentina (1), Australia (11), Belarus (3), Canada (73: Manitoba, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Québec, Yukon, Yukon Territory), China (31), the Czech Republic (2), Estonia (26), Ireland (1), Jordan (2), Lithuania (19), Mexico (3), Mongolia (6), Morocco (1), Norway (2), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (11), Spain (2), Sweden (22), Ukraine (10), the United Kingdom (54), United States (72: Arkansas, California, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Michigan and Ohio, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin), Venezuela (2)

• Niagaran of Canada (3: Québec)

Total: 646 collections including 699 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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