Temnocidaris Cotteau 1863 (pencil urchin)

Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Cidaridae

Parent taxon: Stereocidarinae according to A. B. Smith 2009

See also Donovan 1993, Fell 1966, Geys 1990, Sepkoski 2002 and Smith 1991

Sister taxa: Goniocidarina, Phalacrocidaris, Sinaecidaris

Subtaxa: Temnocidaris (Stereocidaris) Temnocidaris baylei Temnocidaris danica Temnocidaris magnifica

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Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal grazer-omnivore

Distribution:

• Pliocene of Australia (1 collection)

• Miocene of Australia (1)

• Oligocene of Germany (1)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Belgium (2), Denmark (1), the Netherlands (3), United States (1: Alabama)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of the Netherlands (2)

• Cretaceous of Belgium (12), Brazil (1), the Czech Republic (5), Egypt (1), France (23), Germany (1), Hungary (1), Jamaica (1), the Netherlands (15), Portugal (3), Saudi Arabia (5), Spain (5), the United Kingdom (8), Yemen (1)

• Jurassic of Algeria (1), Armenia (1)

Total: 97 collections including 114 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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