Clypeaster Lamarck 1801 (sand dollar)

Echinoidea - Clypeasteroida - Clypeasteridae

Full reference: J. -B. Lamarck. 1801. Système des Animaux sans Vertèbres, ou Tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux. 8:1-432

Parent taxon: Clypeasteridae according to S. K. Donovan et al. 2005

See also Durham 1961, Durham 1966, Ragaini 1994 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Ammotrophinae, Arachnoidinae, Clypeasterinae

Subtaxa: Clypeaster (Rhaphidoclypus) Clypeaster abruptus Clypeaster antillarum Clypeaster batheri Clypeaster bowersi Clypeaster butleri Clypeaster carrizoensis Clypeaster caudatus Clypeaster concavus Clypeaster cotteaui Clypeaster cubensis Clypeaster deserti Clypeaster gatuni Clypeaster herrerae Clypeaster lanceolatus Clypeaster lopezriosi Clypeaster maoadentroensis Clypeaster oxybaphon Clypeaster parrae Clypeaster parvus Clypeaster placentoides Clypeaster planipetalum Clypeaster rogersi Clypeaster rosaceus Clypeaster sanchezi Clypeaster sunnilandensis

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Type: Echinus rosaceus

Ecology: slow-moving semi-infaunal detritivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Barbados (1 collection), Eritrea (1), Jordan (3), Saudi Arabia (1), United States (3: Florida)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Egypt (1)

• Pliocene of Colombia (1), the Dominican Republic (4), Egypt (3), Fiji (1), Mexico (2), Portugal (1), Taiwan (1), United States (13: California, Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (2)

• Miocene of Algeria (5), Australia (5), Austria (10), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Brazil (3), Colombia (5), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (10), the Dominican Republic (2), Egypt (7), Fiji (1), France (1), Greece (3), India (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (13), Jamaica (1), Libya (1), Malta (6), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Panama (6), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Sri Lanka (1), United States (2: Florida)

• Oligocene of Antigua and Barbuda (1), Australia (1), Cuba (3), Haiti (1), India (3), Iran (2), Jamaica (3), Jordan (1), Libya (1), Oman (1), Panama (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Somalia (1), United States (20: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Texas)

• Eocene of Turkey (1), United States (2: Florida, Georgia)

Total: 173 collections including 215 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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