Encope Agassiz 1840 (sand dollar)

Echinoidea - Clypeasteroida - Mellitidae

Full reference: L. Agassiz. 1840. Catalogus systematicus Ectyporum Echinodermatum fossilium Musei Neocomiensis, secundum ordinem zoologicum dispositus; adjectis synonymis recentioribus, nec non stratis et locis in quibus reperiuntur. Sequuntur characteres diagnostici generum novorum vel minus cognitorum. Petitpierre, Neuch√Ętel 1-20

Parent taxon: Mellitidae according to J. W. Durham 1966

See also Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Leodia, Mellita, Mellitella

Subtaxa: Encope aberrans Encope annectans Encope ciae Encope megatrema Encope michelini Encope platytata Encope tatetlaensis Encope tenuis Encope wiedenmayeri

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Ecology: slow-moving semi-infaunal detritivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Mexico (9 collections), United States (10: Florida, South Carolina)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Mexico (1)

• Pliocene of Colombia (1), Ecuador (2), Mexico (10), United States (13: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Miocene of Colombia (2), the Dominican Republic (1), Mexico (2), Panama (3)

Total: 54 collections including 57 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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