Ichthyosaurus Koenig 1818 (ichthyosaur)

Reptilia - Ichthyosauria

Synonyms: Eurypterygius Jaekel 1904, Gryphus Wagler 1830, Proteosaurus Home 1819, Protoichthyosaurus Appleby 1979

Parent taxon: Ichthyosauria according to S. L. Brusatte et al. 2015

See also Appleby 1967, Appleby 1979, Arkhangelsky and Zverkov 2014, Bennett et al. 2012, Carroll 1988, d'Orbigny 1849, Fischer et al. 2013, Fischer et al. 2012, Fischer et al. 2011, Fitzinger 1826, G√ľnther 1886, Holl 1829, Lomax and Massare 2015, Lomax et al. 2017, Lydekker 1889, Maisch 2010, Maisch and Matzke 2000, Maisch et al. 2008, McGowan 1974, Merriam 1908, Meyer 1845, Motani 1999, Owen 1840, Owen 1861, Sander 2000 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Apatodonosaurus, Baptanodontidae, Cetarthrosaurus, Ghuizhouichthyosaurus, Grippiidae, Guanlingichthyosaurus, Hueneosauria, Ichthyosaurus polyptychodon, Ichthyosaurus strombecki, Isfjordosaurus, Latipinnatoidea, Longipinnatoidea, Macropterygius, Mixosauria, Naanchangasaurus, Omphalosauridae, Pachygonosaurus, Parvinatatoridae, Pessosaurus, Platypterygiidae, Proteosauridae, Quasianosteosauridae, Rachitrema, Shastosauroidea, Sphaerodontes, Stenopterygius grandis, Thaisauridae, Undorosauridae, Utatsusauridae

Subtaxa: Ichthyosaurus acutirostris Ichthyosaurus advena Ichthyosaurus aequalis Ichthyosaurus anningae Ichthyosaurus bodenbenderi Ichthyosaurus breviceps Ichthyosaurus californicus Ichthyosaurus chalarodeirus Ichthyosaurus communis Ichthyosaurus conybeari Ichthyosaurus dilatatus Ichthyosaurus entheciodon Ichthyosaurus enthekiodon Ichthyosaurus extremus Ichthyosaurus franciscanus Ichthyosaurus hectori Ichthyosaurus hercnyicus Ichthyosaurus hildesiensis Ichthyosaurus hygrodeirus Ichthyosaurus immanis Ichthyosaurus indicus Ichthyosaurus intermedius Ichthyosaurus lacunosae Ichthyosaurus latifrons Ichthyosaurus latimanus Ichthyosaurus longipennis Ichthyosaurus longipes Ichthyosaurus oligostinus Ichthyosaurus ovalis Ichthyosaurus paramecostinus Ichthyosaurus platyodon Ichthyosaurus polyostinus Ichthyosaurus posthumus Ichthyosaurus steleodon Ichthyosaurus strongylostinus Ichthyosaurus tenuirostris Ichthyosaurus thyreospondylus Ichthyosaurus trigonodon Ichthyosaurus trigonus Ichthyosaurus triscissus Ichthyosaurus zollerianus Protoichthyosaurus applebyi Protoichthyosaurus prosostealis Protoichthyosaurus prostaxalis Tibetosaurus Tibetosaurus tingjiensis

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Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Cretaceous of Germany (1 collection), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (2)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of United States (2: California)

• Jurassic of Belgium (3), Canada (1: British Columbia), Chile (6), France (8), Germany (1), Greenland (1), Mexico (1), Switzerland (2), the United Kingdom (24)

• Triassic to Jurassic of the United Kingdom (5)

• Triassic of Belgium (2), France (4), Germany (2), the United Kingdom (3), United States (3: Nevada)

Total: 72 collections including 82 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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