Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 (megalodon)

Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Otodontidae

Alternative combinations: Carcharias megalodon, Carcharocles megalodon, Carcharodon megalodon, Megaselachus megalodon, Procarcharodon megalodon

Synonyms: Carcharodon branneri Jordan 1907, Carcharodon ferox Emmons 1858, Carcharodon triangularis Emmons 1858

Full reference: L. Agassiz. 1843. Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome III (livr. 15-16). Imprimérie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel 157-390

Belongs to Otodus according to R. W. Boessenecker et al. 2019

See also Agassiz 1843, Aguilera and de Aguilera 2004, Antunes and Balbino 2003, Antunes et al. 2015, Applegate and Espinosa-Arrubarrena 1996, Bendix-Almgreen 1983, Boessenecker 2016, Chapman 1918, Chapman and Cudmore 1924, Chapman and Pritchard 1904, Cope 1868, Davis 1888, Donovan and Gunter 2001, Eastman 1904, Eastman 1908, Ehret et al. 2009, Ehret et al. 2012, Gottfried et al. 1996, Hastings and Dooley 2017, Hay 1902, Jordan 1907, Jordan and Gilbert 1919, Kent 2018, Leriche 1942, Nieves-Rivera et al. 2003, Pimiento et al. 2010, Purdy et al. 2001, Trif et al. 2016, Vicens and Rodríguez-Perea 2003, Woodward 1889 and Yabe and Hirayama 1998

Sister taxa: Otodus divaricatus, Otodus isoelicus, Otodus koerti, Otodus lanceolatus, Otodus levis, Otodus obliquus, Otodus recticonus, Otodus subplicatus, Otodus tricuspis

Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of New Zealand (1 collection)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Antigua and Barbuda (1), Australia (3), Ecuador (2), Italy (8), Japan (1), Libya (1), Mexico (2), New Zealand (3), Portugal (1), South Africa (2), Spain (3), the United Kingdom (4), United States (8: California, Florida, North Carolina), Venezuela (1)

• MN 13 of Portugal (1)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (1), United States (3: Florida)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Argentina (1), Australia (2), Chile (2), Cuba (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), Panama (1), Portugal (1), United States (4: California, Florida)

• Neogene of Barbados (1), Fiji (1), French Polynesia (2), Madagascar (1), Nigeria (1), South Pacific (1), United States (2: California)

• Miocene of Argentina (2), Australia (7), Austria (8), Belgium (1), Brunei Darussalam (2), Chile (1), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (1), Cyprus (1), the Czech Republic (1), Denmark (1), Egypt (1), France (9), Germany (3), Greece (1), Grenada (1), India (3), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (25), Madagascar (1), Malta (5), Mexico (5), Myanmar (1), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (4), Panama (21), Peru (13), Poland (2), Portugal (4), Puerto Rico (1), Romania (2), Slovakia (3), South Africa (2), Spain (5), Turkey (1), United States (51: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Uruguay (1), Venezuela (6)

• Oligocene of Australia (1), Japan (1)

• Paleocene of United States (1: South Carolina)

Total: 275 collections including 276 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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