†superfamily Cervoidea (ruminant)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla

Parent taxon: Pecora according to A. A. Khan and M. Sarwar 2002

See also Carroll 1988 and Sach and Heizmann 2001

Sister taxa: Antilocapridae, Babameryx, Bovidae, Bugtimeryx, Camelopardalidae, Cervidae, Dremotherium, Giraffidae, Leptomerycidae, Moschidae, Namibiomeryx, Orangemeryx, Prodremotheridae, Propalaeoryx, Sperrgebietomeryx, Walangania

Subtaxa: Amphiprox Boreameryx Heterocemas Lagomerycidae Palaeomerycidae

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Pliocene of Canada (1: Northwest Territories collection), Ukraine (1), United States (1: North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of United States (27: Alabama, California, Colorado, Florida, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Texas)

• Miocene of Austria (3), Brazil (1), Canada (10: Saskatchewan), China (17), the Czech Republic (2), France (26), Germany (17), Greece (1), Hungary (1), Italy (4), Kenya (1), Mongolia (2), Pakistan (2), Poland (1), Portugal (6), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (1), Serbia and Montenegro (2), Slovakia (4), Spain (10), Switzerland (4), Thailand (2), Uganda (1), Ukraine (4), United States (201: California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming)

• Harrisonian of United States (4: Nebraska)

• Arikareean of United States (1: Oregon)

• Oligocene of France (2), Germany (2), Kazakhstan (3), Mongolia (1), Pakistan (1), Switzerland (2), Turkey (1)

• Eocene of Spain (1)

Total: 372 collections including 477 occurrences

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