Zygolophodon Vacek 1877 (mastodon)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Mammutidae

Alternative spelling: Mastodon (Zygolophodon)

Synonyms: Miomastodon Osborn 1922, Turicius Osborn 1926

Parent taxon: Mammutidae according to W. D. Lambert and J. Shoshani 1998

See also Carroll 1988, Madden 1980, Madden and Storer 1985, McKenna and Bell 1997, Morea 1981, Osborn 1922, Sanders and Miller 2002, Shoshani and Tassy 1996 and Shoshani and Tassy 2005

Sister taxa: Eozygodon, Eozygodontinae, Losodokodon, Mammut, Mammutinae, Sinomammut

Subtaxa: Zygolophodon aegyptensis Zygolophodon morotoensis Zygolophodon tapiroides Zygolophodon turicensis

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Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Pliocene of China (2 collections), France (2), Kazakhstan (1), Moldova (1), Romania (6), Ukraine (2)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), China (3), Egypt (1), France (9), Germany (1), Greece (1), Kenya (1), Macedonia (1), Moldova (2), Namibia (2), Pakistan (3), Portugal (3), the Russian Federation (2), Serbia and Montenegro (2), Slovakia (4), Uganda (1), Ukraine (4), United States (8: Colorado, Nebraska, Nevada)

• Neogene of Ukraine (1)

• Oligocene of Kenya (1)

Total: 66 collections including 67 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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