Glyptotherium cylindricum Brown 1912 (glyptodon)

Mammalia - Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae

Alternative combination: Brachyostracon cylindricus

Synonyms: Boreostracon floridanus Simpson 1929, Brachyostracon mexicanus Cuataparo and Ramirez 1875, Glyptodon mexicano Cuataparo and Ramirez 1875, Glyptotherium floridanum Simpson 1929, Glyptotherium mexicanum Cuataparo and Ramirez 1875

Full reference: B. Brown. 1912. Brachyostracon, a new genus of glyptodonts from Mexico. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 31(17):167-177

Belongs to Glyptotherium according to D. D. Gillette and C. E. Ray 1981

See also Albright et al. 2019, Brown 1912, Carranza-Castaneda and Miller 1987, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Marshall et al. 1979, McDonald and Naples 2007, Mead et al. 2007 and Zurita et al. 2018

Sister taxon: Glyptotherium texanum

Type specimens:

  • Glyptotherium cylindricum: AMNH 15548, a partial skeleton (complete carapace, cephalic plates, atlas, hyoids, several ribs, a chevron and 20 separate teeth)
  • Glyptotherium floridanum: AMNH 23547, an osteoderm. Its type locality is Seminole Field, which is in a Pleistocene fluvial sandstone in Florida.
  • Glyptotherium mexicanum: IGM 4006, an osteoderm.

Ecology: ground dwelling omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Mexico (4 collections), Venezuela (5)

Total: 9 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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