Tomarctus brevirostris Cope 1873 (bone-crushing dog)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Synonyms: Aelurodon francisi Hay 1924, Aelurodon simulans Hay 1924

Full reference: E. D. Cope. 1873. Third Notice Of Extinct Vertebrata From The Tertiary of the Plains. Paleontological Bulletin 16:1-8

Belongs to Tomarctus according to K. Smith et al. 2016

See also Cope 1873, Hay 1902, Hay 1924, VanderHoof and Gregory 1940, Wang et al. 1999 and Wilson 1960

Sister taxon: Tomarctus hippophaga

Type specimens:

  • Tomarctus brevirostris: Its type locality is Courthouse Butte, which is in a Hemingfordian terrestrial horizon in the Pawnee Creek Formation of Colorado
  • Aelurodon francisi: Its type locality is Niscavit Farm, which is in a Miocene terrestrial horizon in the Fleming Formation of Texas.
  • Aelurodon simulans:

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore


• Miocene of Panama (2 collections), United States (18: California, Colorado, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas)

Total: 20 collections each including a single occurrence

Show more details

Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.